Research on the Structure of Principal’s Moral Leadership in Middle Schools in Mainland China


Through literature review, interviews and open questionnaires, we develop a Middle School Principals’ Moral Leadership Scale (SPMLS) which suits the Chinese cultural background. Exploratory Factor Analysis ( EFA) of a sample of 92 valid questionnaires shows that the moral leadership of middle school principals takes on a clear five-dimensioned model with factors named Fairness and Justice, Interpersonal Care, Integrity and Commitment, Virtue Cultivation, and Reflective Practice. To further verify the reliability and the validity of this scale, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) is carried out on another sample of 376 valid questionnaires, and the results confirm the rationality of the five-dimensioned model and the good reliability and validity of the scale.

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Hu, Z. , Li, Q. and Zou, S. (2015) Research on the Structure of Principal’s Moral Leadership in Middle Schools in Mainland China. Creative Education, 6, 798-804. doi: 10.4236/ce.2015.68083.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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