Wireless Sensor Enabled Public Transportation System


Automatic Vehicle Identification (AVI) in real time is becoming an urgent necessity due to rapid increase in the number of vehicles on roads. The Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology can be used for vehicle identification to gather information in real-time from roads by getting the vehicles location from RFID readers placed in the vehicle. This paper focuses on designing the Public Vehicle Location System (PVLS). The proposed structure consists of passive RFID tags placed at various locations on the chosen route, RFID reader on the Bus, wireless communication with a PC and commanding software (RFID reader and database structure), also PVLS applications and website. The designed system controls, manages and monitors the performance of RFID readers. It also filters and stores the information in an appropriate format so that it could be used without difficulty in the application system and website. The system implemented by using RFID is placed in the Bus which is programmed by Visual C# 2008 with Compact .Net Framework.

Share and Cite:

Narayan, S. , Assaf, M. and Prasad, S. (2015) Wireless Sensor Enabled Public Transportation System. International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, 8, 187-196. doi: 10.4236/ijcns.2015.85020.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Lieshout, M. (2007) Challenges and Policy Options. In: RFID Technologies: Emerging Issues, European Commission Joint Research Centre (EUROPA), 32-33.
[2] RFID Tribe—History of RFID Technology.
[3] Ahsan, K., Shah, H. and Kingston, P. (2010) RFID Applications: An Introductory and Exploratory Study. International Journal of Computer Science Issues, 7, 1-7.
[4] Caffery, J. and Gordon, L. (2010) Subscriber Location in CDMA Cellular Network. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 47, 406-416.
[5] Elisabeth, I. and Kemeny, Z. (2010) The RFID Technology and Its Current Applications. In Proceedings of the Modern Information Technology in the Innovation Process of the Industrial Enterprises, 29-36.
[6] Aguiar, A., Nunes, F., Silva, M. and Elias, D. (2012) Personal Navigator for a Public Transport System Using RFID Ticketing. Department of Innovation Engineering, University of Salento, Lecce.
[7] Charlebois, P.-O. (2004) Radio Frequency Indetification (RFID): Principles and Applications. Electromagnetic Fields and Waves, McGill University, Montreal.
[8] Saravanan, S. and Kavitha, T. (2012) Vehicle Navigation and Obstacle Detection System Using RFID and GSM. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 38, 206-209.
[9] Chan, E., Baciu, G. and Mark, S. (2009) Using Wi-Fi Signal Strength to Localize in Wireless Sensor Networks. WRI International Conference on Communications and Mobile Computing, Yunnan, 6-8 January 2009, 538-542.
[10] Figueiras, J., Schwefel, H. and Kovacs, I. (2005) Accuracy and Timing Aspects of Location Information Based on Signal-Strength Measurements in Bluetooth. IEEE 16th International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, Berlin, 11-14 September 2005, 2685-2690.
[11] What is GPS. Garmin Ltd.
[12] Jami, I., Ali, M. and Ormondroyd, R.F. (1999) Comparison of Methods of Locating and Tracking Cellular Mobiles. IEEE Colloquium on Novel Methods of Location and Tracking of Cellular Mobiles and Their System Applications, 23, 1/1-1/6.
[13] Palazzi, C.E., Ceriali, A. and Monte, M.D. (2009) RFID Emulation in Rfidi Environment. In: International Symposium on Ubiquitous Computing, Beijing.
[14] Zhang, Y. (2009) RFID-Based Tracking in Supporting Real-Time Urban Traffic Information. IEEE 5th International Joint Conference on INC, IMS and IDC, Seoul, 25-27 August 2009, 657-659.
[15] Araar, A. and Khali, H. (2012) Investigating RFID Tags Fusion in a Clustered WSN Applied to Vehicle Identification and Tracking. International Journal of Computing and Information Technology, 1, 17-24.
[16] Lehpamer, H. (2008) RFID Design Principles. Artech House Microwave Library Inc., Boston, London.
[17] Kaur, M., Sandhu, M., Mohan, N. and Sandhu, P. (2011) RFID Technology Principles: Advantages, Limitations & Its Applications. International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering, 3, 1793-1816.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.