Bio-Geo-Chemical Characterization of Bangladeshi Textile Effluents


Recently industrialization has become one of the most promising contributors for economic development of Bangladesh. However, at the same time, industrial pollution has turned into one of the major problems for human being as well as for the environment. In order to understand the effect of textile effluent (TE) on environmental pollution, TE samples collected from North-west part of the capital of Bangladesh, Dhaka (Savar, Ashulia and Tongi area) were characterized biologically, biochemically and biophysically. Eight potential microorganisms were isolated (3 bacteria and 5 fungi) from the collected TE and two of them were used to de-colorization of TE significantly by bioremediation process. Among the various parameters checked here, some physicochemical properties like TDS, COD, BOD, DO and heavy metals like Cd and Cr were detected in quite high amounts. Altogether, our results indicate that TE is one of the serious pollutants, which could damage environment as well as water body severely.

Share and Cite:

Ahmed, F. , Alim, A. , Alam, F. , Islam, T. and Talukder, A. (2015) Bio-Geo-Chemical Characterization of Bangladeshi Textile Effluents. Advances in Microbiology, 5, 317-324. doi: 10.4236/aim.2015.55032.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Bangladesh Textile Mills Association (2012) Annual Report, 14-35.
[2] Alam, K. (2003) Cleanup of the Buriganga River: Integrating the Environment into Decision Making. Murdoch University, Murdoch.
[3] Dubey, A., Mishra, N., Singh, N., Deb, A. and Verma, S. (2010) Isolation of Dye Degrading Microorganism. Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 9, 1534-1539.
[4] Sharma, D.K., Saini, H.S., Singh, M., Chimni, S.S. and Chadha, B.S. (2004) Isolation and Characterization of Microorganisms Capable of Decolorizing Various Triphenylmethane Dyes. Journal of Basic Microbiology, 44, 59-65.
[5] Prasad, A.A. and Kvb, R. (2010) Physico Chemical Characterization of Textile Effluent and Screening for Dye Decolorizing Bacteria. Global Journal of Biotechnology and Biochemistry, 5, 80-86.
[6] Zeiner, M., Rezi, I. and Steffan, I. (2007) Analytical Methods for the Determination of Heavy Metals in the Textile Industry. Kem India, 56, 587-595.
[7] Fazli, M.M., Mesdaghinia, A., Naddafi, K., Nasseri, S., Yunesian, M., Assadi, M.M., Rezaie, S. and Hamzehei, H. (2010) Optimization of Reactive Blue 19 Decolorization by Ganoderma sp. Using Response Surface Methodology. Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, 7, 35-42.
[8] Park, C., Lim, J.S., Lee, Y., Lee, B., Kim, S.W., Lee, J. and Kim, S. (2007) Optimization and Morphology for Decolorization of Reactive Black 5 by Funalia trogii. Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 40, 1758-1764.
[9] Ohe, T., Watanabe, T. and Wakabayashi, K. (2004) Mutagens in Surface Waters: A Review. Mutation Research, 567, 109-149.
[10] Mahbub, K.R., Mohammad, A., Ahmed, M.M. and Begum, S. (2012) Decolorization of Synthetic Dyes Using Bacteria Isolated from Textile Industry Effluent. Asian Journal of Biotechnology, 4, 129-136.
[11] Mahbub, K., Ferdouse, J. and Anwar, M. (2011) Demonstration of Decolorization of Various Dyes by Some Bacterial Isolates Recovered from Textile Effluents. Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 46, 323-328.
[12] Dos Santos, A.B., Cervantes, F.J. and Van Lier, J.B. (2007) Review Paper on Current Technologies for Decolourisation of Textile Wastewaters: Perspectives for Anaerobic Biotechnology. Bioresource Technology, 98, 2369-2385.
[13] Barragán, B.E., Costa, C. and Carmen, M. (2007) Biodegradation of Azo Dyes by Bacteria Inoculated on Solid Media. Dyes and Pigments, 75, 73-81.
[14] Idris, A., Hashim, R., Rahman, R.A., Ahmad, W., Ibrahim, Z., Razak, P.A., Zin, H.M. and Bakar, I. (2007) Application of Bioremediation Process for Textile Wastewater Treatment Using Pilot Plant. International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 4, 228-234.
[15] Huq, S. and Alam, M. (2005) A Handbook on Analyses of Soil, Plant and Water. BACER-DU, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[16] Moawad, H., El-Rahim, W.M. and Khalafallah, M. (2003) Evaluation of Biotoxicity of Textile Dyes Using Two Bioassays. Journal of Basic Microbiology, 43, 218-229.
[17] Meharg, A.A., Norton, G., Deacon, C., Williams, P., Adomako, E.E., Price, A., Zhu, Y., Li, G., Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S., Villada, A., Sommella, A., De Silva, P.M., Brammer, H., Dasgupta, T. and Islam, M.R. (2013) Variation in Rice Cadmium Related to Human Exposure. Environmental Science & Technology, 47, 5613-5618.
[18] Buckley, C. (1992) Membrane Technology for the Treatment of Dyehouse Effluents. Water Science & Technology, 25, 203-209.
[19] Knapp, J.S. and Newby, P.S. (1995) The Microbiological Decolorization of an Industrial Effluent Containing a Diazo-Linked Chromophore. Water Research, 29, 1807-1809.
[20] Zhou, W.C. and Zimmermann, W. (1993) Decolorization of Industrial Effluents Containing Reactive Dyes by Actinomycetes. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 107, 157-161.
[21] Carman, A.L., Timsina, L.R. and Scutchfield, F.D. (2014) Quality Improvement Activities of Local Health Departments during the 2008-2010 Economic Recession. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 46, 171-174.
[22] Akdogan, H.A., Topuz, M.C. and Urhan, A.A. (2014) Studies on Decolorization of Reactive Blue 19 Textile Dye by Coprinus plicatilis. Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, 12, 49.
[23] Arabaci, G. and Usluoglu, A. (2014) The Enzymatic Decolorization of Textile Dyes by the Immobilized Polyphenol Oxidase from Quince Leaves. The Scientific World Journal, 2014, Article ID: 685975.

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.