Formulation of Mixed-Matrix Membrane (PSF/Zeolite) for CO2/N2 Separation: Screening of Polymer Concentration


This research investigates the permeability of CO2 and N2 as well as selectivity of CO2 over N2 of polysulfone (PSF) mixed matrix membranes filled with zeolite 4Å particles. The membranes were prepared by solution-casting method and utilized to determine the permeation rates of N2 and CO2. It was characterized by FTIR and the gas separation performance was analysed by Design of Expert (DOE) method. FTIR result revealed the intensity of peak for sulfone S=O vibration at 1322 cm-1; it was related to O=S=O bound of polysulfone in the sample. The single concentration variable has low outcome, however the mixture concentration interaction was effectively to lead better selectivity of CO2 over N2. In terms of interaction between mixture concentrations, interaction between PSF and N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) has considerable effect on the permeability of CO2 with the highest F value of 0.46 membrane. NMP exhibited a high degree of polarity and hydrogen bonding which led to effect of selective skin and permeation rate. The model regression equations were developed as the potential use for screening the permeability of CO2 and N2 based on the deviation effect of polymer concentration.

Share and Cite:

Lek, C. and Rahman, S. (2015) Formulation of Mixed-Matrix Membrane (PSF/Zeolite) for CO2/N2 Separation: Screening of Polymer Concentration. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 3, 65-74. doi: 10.4236/msce.2015.35008.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Moaddeb, M. and Koros, W.J. (1997) Gas Transport Properties of Thin Polymeric Membranes in the Presence of Silicon Dioxide Particles. Journal of Membrane Science, 125, 143-163.
[2] Suer, M., Bac, N. and Yilmaz, L. (1994) Gas Permeation Characteristics of Polymer-Zeolite Mixed Matrix Membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 91, 77-86.
[3] Hacarlioglu, P., Toppare, L. and Yilmaz, L. (2003) Polycarbonate-Polypyrrole Mixed Matrix Gas Separation Membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 225, 51-62.
[4] Duval, J., Kemperman, A., Folkers, B., Desgrandchamps, G. and Smolders, C. (1994) Preparation of Zeolite Filled Gassy Polymer Membranes. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 54, 409-418.
[5] Vu, D., Koros, W. and Miller, S. (2003) Mixed Matrix Membranes Using Carbon Molecular Sieves I. Preparation and Experimental Results. Journal of Membrane Science, 211, 311-334.
[6] Mahajan, R. and Koros, W. (2002) Mixed Matrix Membrane Materials with Glassy Polymers. Part II. Polymer Engineering and Science, 42, 1432-1440.
[7] Huang, Z., Li, Y., Wen, R., Toeh, M. and Kulprathipanja, S. (2006) Enhanced Gas Separation Properties by Using Nanostructured PES-Zeolite 4A Mixed Matrix Membranes. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 101, 3800-3805.
[8] Moore, T. and Koros, W. (2005) Non-Ideal Effects in Organic-Inorganic Materials for Gas Separation Membranes. Journal of Molecular Structure, 739, 87-98.
[9] Li, Y., Chung, T., Cao, C. and Kulprathipanja, S. (2005) The Effects of Polymer Chain Rigidification, Zeolite Pore Size and Pore Blockage on Polyethersulfone (PES)-Zeolite 4A Mixed Matric Membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 260, 45-55.
[10] Ritter, J. and Ebner, A. (2007) State-Of-The-Art Adsorption and Membrane Separation Processes for Hydrogen Production in the Chemical and Petrochemical Industries. Separation Science and Technology, 42, 1123-1193.
[11] Bos, A., Punt, I., Wessling, M. and Strathmann, H. (1998) Plasticization-Resistant Glassy Polyimide Membranes for CO2/CH4 Separations. Separation and Purification Technology, 14, 27-39.
[12] Aroon, M., Ismail, A., Montazer-Rahmati, M. and Matsuura, T. (2010) Morphology and Permeation Properties of Polysulfone Membranes for Gas Separation: Effects of Non-Solvent Additives and Co-Solvent. Separation and Purification Technology, 72, 194-202.
[13] Sridhar, S., Aminabhavi, T. and Ramakrishna, M. (2007) Separation of Binary Mixtures of Carbon Dioxide and Methane through Sulfonated Polycarbonate Membranes. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 105, 1749-1756.
[14] Chan, W. and Tsao, S. (2003) Fabrication of Nanofiltration Membranes with Tunable Separation Characteristics Using Methods of Uniform Design and Regression Analysis. Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems, 65, 241-256.
[15] Gulden, D., Hacarlioglu, P., Toppare, L. and Yilmaz, L. (2001) Effect of Preparation Parameters on the Performance of Conductive Composite Gas Separation Membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 182, 29-39.
[16] Ismail, A., Rahim, R. and Rahman, W. (2008) Characterization of Polyethersulfone/Matrimid®5218 Miscible Blend Mixed Matrix Membranes for O2/N2 Gas Separation. Separation and Purification Technology, 63, 200-206.
[17] Jia, M., Peinemann, K. and Behling, R. (1997) Molecular Sieving Effect of the Zeolite-Filled Silicone Rubber Membranes in Gas Permeation. Journal of Membrane Science, 57, 289-292.
[18] Montgomery, D. (2001) Design and Analysis of Experiments. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken.
[19] Norida, R., Ismail, A. and Abdul Rahman, W. (2004) The Dope Solution Was Placed in a Storage Bottle and Degassed by Using Ultrasonic Bath to Remove Any Trace of Bubbles. Proceedings of 2nd Reg. Sym. & Workshop of Membr.Sci & Tech., 45-54.
[20] Pal, P., Sikder, J., Roy, S. and Giorno, L. (2009) Process Intensification in Lactic Acid Production: A Review of Membrane Based Processes. Chemical Engineering and Processing, 48, 1549-1559.
[21] Ahn, J., Chung, W., Pinnau, I. and Guiver, M. (2008) Polysulfone/Silica Nanoparticle Mixed-Matrix Membranes for Gas Separation. Journal of Membrane Science, 314, 123-133.
[22] Al-Juaied, M. and Koros, W. (2006) Performance of Natural Gas Membranes in the Presence of Heavy Hydrocarbons. Journal of Membrane Science, 274, 227-243.
[23] Marcos, J., Fonseca, L., Ramalho, M. and Cabral, J. (2002) Application of Surface Response Analysis to the Optimization of Penicillin Acylase Purification in Aqueous Two-Phase System. Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 31, 1006- 1014.
[24] Clarizia, G., Algieri, C., Regina, A. and Drioli, E. (2008) Zeolite-Based Composite PEEK-WC Membranes: Gas Transport and Surface Properties. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 115, 67-74.
[25] Julian, H. and Wenten, I. (2012) Polysulfone Membranes for CO2/CH4 Separation: State of the Art. IOSR Journal of Engineering, 2, 484-495.
[26] Scervini, M. (2009) Thermoelectric Materials for Thermocouples. Department of Material Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge.
[27] Huntzinger, D. and Eatmon, T. (2009) A Life-Cycle Assessment of Portland Cement Manufacturing: Comparing the Traditional Process with Alternative Technologies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 17, 668-675.
[28] LeVan, M. (1995) Pressure Swing Adsorption: Equilibrium Theory for Purification and Enrichment. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 34, 2655-2660.
[29] Silverstein, R., Bassler, G. and Morrill, T. (1981) Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds. 4th Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.