Factors Affecting the Perception of Family Functioning among Couples in Child-Rearing Japanese Families


In family healthcare nursing, the family system unit (i.e., a group in which the members, seen as a whole, mutually interact) is the target of care. As nurses tend to obtain family-related information from particular family members in the clinical setting, when assessing families, they often confront the issue of the differences between the theoretical level and methodological level. Although this issue needs resolving for evidence-based family nursing practice, sufficient research is lacking on the methodology related to family assessment. The present study aimed to clarify the factors that affected evaluation of family functioning among couples. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 child-rearing families (couples) using the Survey of Family Environment (SFE) as a family functioning scale. Content analysis identified 12 factors that affected discrepancies in the couples’ evaluations and eight factors that affected agreement in those evaluations. These factors were classified into three categories: factors concerning family or family members; factors concerning questions related to the SFE; and factors concerning the view of the family as a whole. The results of this study should contribute to the development of family assessment tools and effective methods for evaluation of family care.

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Honda, J. , Nakai, Y. , Kakazu, S. and Hohashi, N. (2015) Factors Affecting the Perception of Family Functioning among Couples in Child-Rearing Japanese Families. Open Journal of Nursing, 5, 407-415. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2015.55044.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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