Production, Storage and Evaluation of Homemade and Processed Diet, Based on Wheat, Legumes, Sesame and Dates; for Under-Five Children

DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.67064   PDF   HTML   XML   2,508 Downloads   3,011 Views   Citations

Abstract

This study aimed to formulate a nutritive diet enriched with protein, iron and energy for under-five children. It was conducted in Elhosh rural area, Gezira State, Sudan, 2010. The diet was formulated and blended using locally available foods, produced at home level, by a twin-roller drum dryer and in biscuit form. The raw materials included pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) sesame (Sesamum indicum) and dates (Phoenix dactylifera). The three products were evaluated for their proximate composition, energy value, iron content and acceptability after storage at (4 - 6) and at room temperature for 5 months. The protein content of the products was (14.0 - 14.1 g/100g); the energy value ranged from 382 to 390 Kcal/100g, both in-line with many recommendations for children aged under five. The iron content was found in the range of 14.6 - 14.8 mg/100g, in agreement with the codex recommendation. Yeast, mold and salmonella were not detected while other microbes were found within acceptable values. Studied products were found nutritious and remained acceptable after storage for five months. Legumes, sesame seeds and dates can be effectively used in wheat-based baby foods as a source of protein and mineral supplement.

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Elhardallou, S. , Farh, S. and Gobouri, A. (2015) Production, Storage and Evaluation of Homemade and Processed Diet, Based on Wheat, Legumes, Sesame and Dates; for Under-Five Children. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 6, 605-611. doi: 10.4236/fns.2015.67064.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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