Clean Coal & High Carbon Efficiency Energy Engineering


Today we live in a world of Hydrocarbon Energy Carriers, where Carbon is always used as a Carrier for Hydrogen 1) Biomass (CH1.44O0.66 or C6H12O6); 2) Natural Gas [NG] (CH4); 3) Water Gas [C+H2O]; 4) Gasoline (C6H12, C7H18, C8H18, etc.); 5) Kerosene (C17H36, C18H38, C19H40, C20H42, C21H44, C22H46, etc.) and; 6) Crude Oil. The Carbon aggregates are all storable and have worthwhile, logistically manageable energy densities. But whenever recovering Energy from the Carbon molarities, CO2 gets emitted into the atmosphere, while separate use of Hydrogen Energy contents carried by the Carbon moieties would just generate water vapor. Hydrogen is also the most important intermediary in Refineries, hydrogenating lower grade Hydrocarbons into higher potencies, or for removing Sulfur by the formation of Hydrogen Sulfur, that can be dissociated after its segregation from the Hydrocarbon products. But most of the internal Hydrogen yields in Refineries today is used for onsite production of Ammonia as a basis for Energy fertilizers in high performance agriculture. Because Hydrogen is awkward to store and transport, most of it is currently used captive within large size centralized plants as a reactant for producing Hydrocarbon energy carriers, using the Carbon as a carrier for the Hydrogen moieties, to then be distributed over big enough areas for consumption of the such large scale plants’ volumes. With recently proven achievements of Hydrogen production from excess Wind & Solar Power by electrolysis, Hydrogen could become available in abundant quantities, to be distributed locally within the coverage area of the transmission grid such Wind & Solar installations are feeding into. In combination with Carbon as a reactant such abundant Hydrogen could also be synthesized into Hydrocarbon Energy Carriers and substitute fossil commodities.

Share and Cite:

Petters, S. and Tse, K. (2015) Clean Coal & High Carbon Efficiency Energy Engineering. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 3, 348-355. doi: 10.4236/jpee.2015.34047.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Burman, Å. (2013) The GoBiGas-Project. SGC 2013, Goteborg.
[2] Petters, S. (2014) Shifting from Quantitative to Qualitative Growth Strategies. Taiyuan University of Technology Staff-Lecture, China.
[3] Stern, S. (2013) Global Innovation and Entrepreneurship. MIT-ILP Europe Conference, Vienna, May.
[4] ACEE (2014) China Unconventional Gas Forum. Chifeng, August.
[5] Xu, G.W. and Hofbauer, H. (2014) Closing Remarks. Vienna University of Technology. iSGA-4 Joint Conference, Vienna, September.
[6] Newman, D. (2013) Closing Session. ISWA World Congress, Vienna, October.
[7] Zhang, G.B. (2014) New Requirements to Energy Researchers (Opening Remarks). 4th Asian and 1st China IAEE Conference, Beijing, August.
[8] Meerman, J.C. (2011) Flexible Gasification Cogeneration Facilities. ICPS 2011, Vienna, September.
[9] Petters, S. (2013) Sustainable Green Hydrogen Production. Regional Project for Clean Transportation, County of Arkershus and Oslo, November.
[10] Hofbauer, H. (2014) Hydrogen from Biomass via Thermo-Chemical Route. A3PS Conference, Vienna, October.
[11] Bosch, K. (2013) Status Report of DFB Gasification Biomass Power Station Oberwart. Renewable Electric Energy Conference, Salzburg, December.
[12] Gros, S. (2013) CO2 Recycling in a Steam Gasifier for SNG or FT-Diesel Production ReCO2 Project. Swedish Gas Conference, Sweden, October.
[13] Kern, S., Pfeifer, C. and Hofbauer, H. (2013) Gasification of Low Grade Coal in SD-DFB Gasification. Energy Technology, 1, 253-264.
[14] Kern, S., Pfeifer, C. and Hofbauer, H. (2013) Co-Gasification of Wood and Lignite in a Dual Fluidized Bed Gasifier. Energy Fuels, 27, 919-931.
[15] Diwald, W. (2011) Hydrogen-Grid & Storage Solutions for Renewable Energies. F-Cell Conference, Stuttgart, September.
[16] Sterns, M. (2013) Various Podium Discussions. Eco-Forum, Guiyang, June.
[17] Tse, K. (2014) MSW-Residue & Coal Co-Gasification in Lieu of Incineration. iSGA-4, Vienna, September.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.