A Robust Multi-RAT VANET/LTE for Mixed Control & Entertainment Traffic

DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2015.52011   PDF   HTML   XML   3,909 Downloads   4,552 Views   Citations


Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) have been receiving significant interest from various stakeholders worldwide. ITS promise major enhancements to the efficiency, safety, convenience and sustainability of transportation systems. To satisfy the diverse vehicular application requirements, this paper proposes an integration of IEEE 802.11-based VANET and LTE cellular network using mobile vehicular gateways. IEEE 802.11 g is used for V2V communications and LTE for V2I communications. A burst communication technique is applied to prevent packet losses in the critical uplink ITS traffic. A performance simulation-based study is conducted to validate the feasibility of the proposed system in an urban vehicular environment. The system performance is evaluated in terms of data loss, data rate, delay and jitter. The results indicate that the proposed Multi-RAT system offers acceptable performance that meets the requirements of the different vehicular applications.

Share and Cite:

Sadek, N. , Halawa, H. , Daoud, R. and Amer, H. (2015) A Robust Multi-RAT VANET/LTE for Mixed Control & Entertainment Traffic. Journal of Transportation Technologies, 5, 113-121. doi: 10.4236/jtts.2015.52011.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Imadali, S., Kaiser, A., Decremps, S., Petrescu, A. and Vèque, V. (2013) V2V2I: Extended Inter-Vehicles to Infrastructure Communication Paradigm. IEEE 5th Global Information Infrastructure Symposium, Trento, Italy, October 2013.
[2] Hossain, E., et al. (2010) Vehicular Telematics over Heterogeneous Wireless Networks: A Survey. Computer Communications, 33, 775-793.
[3] Karagiannis, G., et al. (2011) Vehicular Networking: A Survey and Tutorial on Requirements, Architectures, Challenges, Standards and Solutions. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 13, 584-616.
[4] Araniti, G., Campolo, C., Condoluci, M., Iera, A. and Molinaro, A. (2013) LTE for Vehicular Networking: A Survey. IEEE Communications Magazine, 51, 148-157.
[5] Tung, L., Mena, J., Gerla, M. and Sommer, C. (2013) A Cluster Based Architecture for Intersection Collision Avoidance Using Heterogeneous Networks. 12th IFIP/IEEE Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop (Med-Hoc-Net), Cesson-Sevigne, France, June 2013.
[6] Ghaleb, A., et al. (2013) Preservation of QOS across Hybrid LTE-WLAN Router. IET International Conference on Information and Communications Technologies (IETICT), Beijing, April 2013.
[7] Barbu, G. (2010) E-TRAIN-Broadband Communication with Moving Trains, Technical Report—Technology State of the Art. International Union of Railways, Paris.
[8] Official Site of OPNET: www.opnet.com
[9] Daoud, R., EI-Dakroury, M., Elsayed, H., Amer, H. and EISoudani, M. (2007) WiFi Architecture for Traffic Control Using MIPv6. IEEE Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation MED, Athens, 27-29 July 2007, 1-5.
[10] Sadek, N., Halawa, H., Daoud, R., Amer, H. and Ali, N. (2015) Heterogeneous LTE/Wi-Fi Architecture for ITS Traffic Control and Infotainment. International Conference on Electrical Systems for Aircraft, Railway, Ship Propulsion and Road Vehicles, Aachen, March 2015.
[11] Sivaraj, R., Gopalakrishna, A., Chandra, M. and Balamuralidhar, P. (2011) QoS-Enabled Group Communication in Integrated VANET-LTE Heterogeneous Wireless Networks. IEEE 7th International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob), October 2011.
[12] Li, Y., Ying, K., Cheng, P., Yu, H. and Luo, H. (2012) Cooperative Data Dissemination in Cellular-VANET Heterogeneous Wireless Networks. 4th International High Speed Intelligent Communication Forum (HSIC), Nanjing, May 2012.
[13] Yaacoub, E., Filali, F. and Abu-Dayya, A. (2013) SVC Video Streaming over Cooperative LTE/802.11p Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Communications. IEEE World Congress on Computer and Information Technology (WCCIT), Tunis, June 2013.
[14] Remy, G., Senouci, S., Jan, F. and Gourhant, Y. (2011) LTE4V2X: LTE for a Centralized VANET Organization. IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM), Houston, 5-9 December 2011, 1-6.
[15] Islam, M. and Chowdhury, M. (2013) Study of Inter-Cell Interference and Its Impact on the Quality of Video Conference Traffic in LTE Network. M.Sc. Thesis, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden.
[16] Ramli, H., Basukala, R., Sandrasegaran, K. and Patachaianand, R. (2009) Performance of Well Known Packet Scheduling Algorithms in The Downlink 3GPP LTE system. IEEE 9th Malaysia International Conference on Communications (MICC), Kuala Lumpur, 15-17 December 2009, 815-820.
[17] International Telecommunication Union (ITU) (2008) Subjective Video Quality Assessment Methods for Multimedia Applications. Recommendation ITU-T P.910, Geneva.
[18] Mir, Z. and Filali, F. (2014) LTE and IEEE 802.11p for Vehicular Networking: A Performance Evaluation. EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 2014, 89.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.