Titrimetric Study of the Solubility and Dissociation of Benzoic Acid in Water: Effect of Ionic Strength and Temperature


The apparent acid dissociation constant (Kc) of benzoic acid in water has been determined ti-trimetrically under ionic strength values between 0.00 and 0.50 mol·L﹣1 at a range of temperatures between 16°C and 41°C. The thermodynamic dissociation constant (as pKa) of benzoic acid was determined as 4.176 at 25°C. No regular correlation between pKa of benzoic acid and the temperature in the range was used. The values of pKa are inversely proportional to temperatures between 16°C and 30°C. In this range of temperature, the values of thermodynamic quantities () for the dissociation process of benzoic acid in water were calculated by using Van’t Hoff plot. For this case the dissociation was not favoured through entropy and enthalpy changes. The values of pKa are directly proportional to temperatures between 30°C and 41°C.

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Khouri, S. (2015) Titrimetric Study of the Solubility and Dissociation of Benzoic Acid in Water: Effect of Ionic Strength and Temperature. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 6, 429-436. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2015.65042.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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