Recent Climate Changes in Hailuogou Watershed on the Eastern Slope of Mount Gongga, South-Eastern Fringe of the Tibetan Plateau, China

DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.32008   PDF   HTML   XML   2,711 Downloads   3,025 Views  


Mountainous regions are particularly sensitive to climate change. Seasonal and annual variations in climate already strongly influence the ecosystems in such areas. Temporal and spatial variations of temperature and precipitation, for higher elevation site (Hailuogou Station) and lower elevation site (Moxi Station) within Hailuogou watershed which is located on the eastern slope of Mount Gongga, China, were analyzed to evaluate the extent and trend of climate change. Climate data were carefully checked and corrected for errors before being analyzed. The results of this work indicate that the measured climate data contain a wide magnitude of variations in temperature and precipitation in the mountainous region. The annual, minimal and maximal temperatures exhibit some increasing trends during the studied period. The results of this work show that slightly warming climate is mostly caused by increasing minimum temperature. Maximal precipitation mostly occurs in July and minimal precipitation mostly occurs in December. There exists a slightly declining trend of precipitation during 1988-2009. Precipitation exhibits an increasing trend with altitude, whereas the temperature has the reverse trend in the alpine area during studied period.

Share and Cite:

Meng, Y. , Liu, G. and Li, M. (2015) Recent Climate Changes in Hailuogou Watershed on the Eastern Slope of Mount Gongga, South-Eastern Fringe of the Tibetan Plateau, China. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 3, 47-53. doi: 10.4236/gep.2015.32008.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Salama, M.S., Van der Velde, R., Zhong, L., Ma, Y., Ofwono, M. and Su, Z. (2012) Decadal Variations of Land Surface Temperature Anomalies Observed over the Tibetan Plateau by the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) from 1987 to 2008. Climatic Change, 114, 769-781.
[2] Deng, M.Z., Qin, D.H. and Zhang, H.G. (2012) Public Perceptions of Climate and Cryosphere Change in Typical Arid Inland River Areas of China: Facts, Impacts and Selections of Adaptation Measures. Quaternary International, 282, 48-57.
[3] Li, Z.X., He, Y.Q., Wang, C.F., Wang, X.F., Xin, H.J., Zhang, W. and Cao, W.H. (2011) Spatial and Temporal Trends of Temperature and Precipitation during 1960-2008 at the Hengduan Mountains, China. Quaternary International, 236, 127-142.
[4] McDowell, G., Stephenson, E. and Ford, J. (2014) Adaptation to Climate Change in Glaciated Mountain Regions. Climatic Change, 126, 77-91.
[5] Grunewald, K., Scheithauer, J., Monget, J.M. and Brown, D. (2009) Characterisation of Contemporary Local Climate Change in the Mountains of Southwest Bulgaria. Climatic Change, 95, 535-549.
[6] Zheng, B.X. and Ma, Q.H. (1994) The Glaciers Variation, Climate Change and the Rover Valley Development in the Holocene on the Gongga Mountain. Acta Geographica Sinica, 49, 500-508.
[7] Owen, L.A., Finkel, R.C., Barnard, P.L., Ma, H.Z., Asahi, K., Caffee, M.W. and Derbyshire, E. (2005) Climatic and Topographic Controls on the Style and Timing of Late Quaternary Glaciation throughout Tibet and the Himalaya Defined by Be-10 Cosmogenic Radionuclide Surface Exposure Dating. Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, 1391-1411.
[8] Yin, G., Wang, X.D., Gao, Z.Y., Yan, Q.S. and Huang, Y. (2008) Study of the Hydrology of Glacial Runoff in Hailuogou Valley, Gongga Mountain by Means of Isotopic Tracing. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 30, 365-372.
[9] Li, Z.X., He, Y.Q., Yang, X.M., Theakstone, W.H., Jia, W.X., Pu, T., et al. (2010). Changes of the Hailuogou Glacier, Mt. Gongga, China, against the Background of Climate Change during the Holocene. Quaternary International, 218, 166-175.
[10] Wang, J., Pan, B.T., Zhang, G.L., Cui, H., Cao, B. and Geng, H.P. (2013) Late Quaternary Glacial Chronology on the Eastern Slope of Gongga Mountain, Eastern Tibetan Plateau, China. Science China-Earth Sciences, 56, 354-365.
[11] Meng, Y.C., Liu, G.D. and Zhang, L.T. (2014) A Comparative Study on Stable Isotopic Composition in Waters of the Glacial and Nonglacial Rivers in Mount Gongga, China. Water and Environment Journal, 28, 212-221.
[12] Meng, Y.C. and Liu, G.D. (2013) Stable Isotopic Information for Hydrolog-ical Investigation in Hailuogou Watershed on the Eastern Slope of Mount Gongga, China. Environmental Earth Sciences, 69, 29-39.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.