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The Pattern and Cost of Palliative Surgeries in Patients with Metastatic Melanoma

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DOI: 10.4236/jct.2015.63027    2,461 Downloads   2,824 Views  

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the pattern of palliative surgeries and associated costs in patients with metastatic melanoma in the USA. Methods: This was a retrospective claims-based study of patients identified using administrative claims from MarketScan® databases among patients with metastatic melanoma diagnosed between 2005 and 2011. Patient characteristics, patterns and cost of surgery, and length of hospital stay were evaluated. Results: Of the 2399 patients identified, 888 (37.0%) underwent at least one surgical procedure either in the outpatient or inpatient setting. The subgroup of patients who underwent surgery included significantly more patients with distant skin metastases compared to the subgroup who did not receive surgery; whereas significantly more patients in the non-surgery group had brain or bone metastases. Surgery performed in the outpatient setting was predominantly on the skin, whereas surgery on the brain was generally performed in the inpatient setting. The mean cost of the surgical procedures performed in the outpatient setting was $3393 (median: $1419) per procedure, which varied according to the location of the metastasis. For surgical procedures that were performed in the inpatient setting, the mean length of stay in hospital due to surgery was 4.4 (± 5.1) days, at a mean cost of $37,649 (median: $28,067) per hospitalization. Conclusions: Surgery is prevalent and costly in patients with metastatic melanoma.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Zhao, Z. , Wang, S. and Barber, B. (2015) The Pattern and Cost of Palliative Surgeries in Patients with Metastatic Melanoma. Journal of Cancer Therapy, 6, 245-250. doi: 10.4236/jct.2015.63027.

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