Validation of the Negative Acts Questionnaire (NAQ) in a Sample of Greek Teachers


Workplace bullying/mobbing is a globally recognized problem. In numerous studies executed in Europe and North America, workplace bulling/mobbing is associated with psychological, psychosomatic, and behavioral effects on the individual, while it causes severe side-effects on the professional environment. Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-22) has been widely used by researchers to assess the phenomenon. The purpose of this study is to assess the psychometric properties of NAQ-22 in a sample of 265 primary and secondary school teachers. The teachers filled the NAQ-22, DASS-21, PSS, and Self-Esteem Questionnaires anonymously. Reliability and validity indexes of the tool were satisfactory (Cronbach’s α = 0.915). Specifically, the study showed a negative correlation between mobbing and self-esteem (r = -0.364**) and positive correlation between mobbing and stress (r = 0.406), anxiety and depression (r = 0.389).

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Kakoulakis C., Galanakis M., Bakoula-Tzoumaka C., Darvyri P., Chroussos G., & Darvyri, C. (2015). Validation of the Negative Acts Questionnaire (NAQ) in a Sample of Greek Teachers. Psychology, 6, 63-74. doi: 10.4236/psych.2015.61007.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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