Capitalist Reform, the Dismantling of the Iron Rice Bowl and Land Expropriation in China: A Theory of Primitive Accumulation and State Power
Larry Liu*
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.
DOI: 10.4236/sm.2015.51006   PDF   HTML   XML   4,452 Downloads   6,097 Views   Citations


Chinese economic reforms since 1980 were accompanied by the systematic privatization and devolution of state-owned enterprises, the removal of the social welfare system in the form of the “iron rice bowl”, and the land expropriation of farmers. This paper uses Marx’ theory of primitive accumulation and Weber's theory of state power to argue that these socio-economic measures are needed in order to create a class of wage laborers, who are needed to fuel capitalist development in contemporary China. The central, provincial, and local states in China are playing a crucial role in enforcing the privatization of state-owned enterprises, the removal of the social welfare system and land expropriation.

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Liu, L. (2015) Capitalist Reform, the Dismantling of the Iron Rice Bowl and Land Expropriation in China: A Theory of Primitive Accumulation and State Power. Sociology Mind, 5, 41-60. doi: 10.4236/sm.2015.51006.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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