Building Evacuate Module for Urban Underground Passages: Subway Station in Turkey

DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2015.51001   PDF   HTML   XML   2,766 Downloads   3,472 Views   Citations

Abstract

The primary goal of crowd evacuation in urban underground passages or subways is to evacuate as many evacuees as possible to safe areas in the shortest time when emergency events occur. This paper chooses the underground passages of one metro in Istanbul, Turkey as research object, and uses a study method which combines by sites investigation, field test and computer simulation of the creating new software. It is called Building Evacuate Module software. We present a depth analysis of the related factors which include the number and width of passage, channelization setting and the number of pedestrians with the evacuation time. And the influential effect of public opinion is explained by using big data technology. In addition, pedestrians evacuation condition are recorded in three evacuation period, the morning peak, common and evening peak by the observation and statistic obtained with video, and build the model to simulate the change of evacuation time with pedestrians. So it reveals when the number of pedestrians reaches to more than 200, evacuation time increases significantly and the field experiment and simulation condition are consistent basically.

Share and Cite:

Erkan, İ. and Hastemoglu, H. (2015) Building Evacuate Module for Urban Underground Passages: Subway Station in Turkey. Journal of Transportation Technologies, 5, 1-8. doi: 10.4236/jtts.2015.51001.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Jiang, C.S., Deng, Y.F., Hu, C., Ding, H. and Chow, W.K. (2009) Crowding in Platform Staircases of a Subway Station in China during Rush Hours. Safety Science, 47, 931-938.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2008.10.003
[2] Jiang, C.S. and Ling, Y. (2009) Numerical Simulation of Emergency Evacuation of a Subway Station. Architectural Science Review, 52, 183-193.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3763/asre.2008.0047
[3] Chen, Y.Z., Cai, S.J. and Deng, Y.F. (2012) Simulation Study on Main Affect Factors to the Evacuation Corridor. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 170-173, 3533-3538.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.170-173.3533
[4] Jiang, C.S., Yuan, F. and Chow, W.K. (2010) Effect of Varying Two Key Parameters in Simulating Evacuation for Subway Stations in China. Safety Science, 48, 445-451.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2009.12.004
[5] Shi, C., Zhong, M., Nong, X., He, L., Shi, J. and Feng, G. (2012) Modeling and Safety Strategy of Passenger Evacuation in a Metro Station in China. Safety Science, 50, 1319-1332.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2010.07.017
[6] Mahdavinejad, M., Hosseini, A. and Alavibelmana, M. (2012) Enhancement HSE Factors in Pedestrian Underpass regarding to Chemical Hazards, Mashhad, Iran. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 51, 10-14.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.08.110
[7] Capote, J., Alvear, D., Abreu, O., Cuesta, A. and Alonso, V. (2012) A Real-Time Stochastic Evacuation Model for Road Tunnels. Safety Science, 52, 73-80.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2012.02.006
[8] Chooramun, N., Lawrence, P.J. and Galea, E.R. (2012) An Agent Based Evacuation Model Utilising Hybrid Space Discretisation. Safety Science, 50, 1685-1694.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2011.12.022
[9] Ronchi, E. (2013) Testing the Predictive Capabilities of Evacuation Models for Tunnel Fire Safety Analysis. Safety Science, 59, 141-153.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2013.05.008
[10] Chen, Y.Z., Yang, R. and Liu, Y. (2014) Strategy Study on Mass Evacuation with LBS Information. Web-Age Information Management, 141-150.
[11] Bles, W., Nooy, S. and Boer, L.C. (2001) Influence of Ship Listing and Ship Motion on Walking Speed. Proceedings of First Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, Duisburg, 4-6 April 2001, 437-452.
[12] Watts, J.M. (1987) Computer Models for Evacuation Analysis. Fire Safety Journal, 12, 237-245.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0379-7112(87)90008-7
[13] Jiang, C.S., Zheng, S.Z., Yuan, F., Jia, H.J., Zhan, Z.N. and Wang, J.J. (2012) Experimental Assessment on the Moving Capabilities of Mobility-Impaired Disabled. Safety Science, 50, 974-985.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2011.12.023

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.