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FMAR> Vol.3 No.1, January 2015
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A Quantitative Assessment of the Morphology of the Piriform Aperture as an Indicator of Race

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DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2015.31002    3,490 Downloads   4,132 Views   Citations
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Seth Gardner

Affiliation(s)

Department of Natural and Social Sciences, Bowling Green State University, Huron, USA.

ABSTRACT

Piriform apertures from skulls in the Bass Collection at the University of Tennessee were examined. The morphology of the perform aperture from digital images was captured using Adobe Measuring Tool 9.0 and data analyzed with SPSS 17.0. Twenty-four linear measurements from a central point of the aperture as well as the perimeter were evaluated to quantify a difference between Black and White populations. The statistical analyses employed Discriminate Functional Analysis followed by Stepwise analysis. Discriminate functions were generated to predict to which group a skull belonged. A discriminate function produced an accuracy of 77.4%. Step-wise discriminate function analysis, using only three variables, produced an accuracy of 79.0%.

KEYWORDS

Forensic Science, Forensic Anthropology, Perform Aperture, Angular Morphometrics, Anthropometrics, Skull

Cite this paper

Gardner, S. (2015) A Quantitative Assessment of the Morphology of the Piriform Aperture as an Indicator of Race. Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, 3, 7-15. doi: 10.4236/fmar.2015.31002.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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