Growth Kinetics of Vegetative and Reproductive Organs of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) in Iguala Guerrero, Mexico


In the Mexican tropics the guava trees can grow and produce in any season, so they can be har-vested out of the period of high competition marketing (Summer). It studied the growth kinetics of leaves and fruits of guava trees at the dry tropical conditions of the State of Guerrero, in guava trees of four years old and was evaluated a non-destructive method for measuring leaf area from November to May. 100 sheets of 10 randomly selected trees were cut. It was found that leaf length X the width X 0.72581647 (conversion factor) gave an estimated leaf area which was significantly correlated with that obtained by the integrator of leaf area. Both in length and width the leaf growth kinetics were sigmoid with three growth stages: In Stage I (15 days) leaves grew 21.2% and 21.5%; in Stage II (26 days) grew 73.6% and 68%; and in Stage III (30 days). They Increased 5.2% and 10.5% in the primary and secondary sprouts. The fruit growth in its equatorial and polar diameters corresponded to a double sigmoid kinetics. In Stage I (61 days) it reached 1.9 and 2.3 cm; in Stage II (62 - 102 days) it reached 3.09 and 3.62 cm; and in Stage III (103 to 126 days) it reached 4.63 and 5.13 cm, as well the physiological maturity of fruit.

Share and Cite:

Nava, A. , Hernández, V. , Jaimes, M. , Castro, E. , Álvarez, D. , Villaseñor, G. , Alberto, F. and Lagunas, B. (2014) Growth Kinetics of Vegetative and Reproductive Organs of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) in Iguala Guerrero, Mexico. Agricultural Sciences, 5, 1468-1475. doi: 10.4236/as.2014.514157.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Padilla, R.J.S., González, G.E., Perales, de la C., Reyes, P.H.R. and Osuna, C.E.S. (2007) Variability of Guava Fruit (Psidium guajava L.) Mexicana. Special Publication Number 1. Experimental Field Pabellón. National Institute of for Research Forest Agricultural and Fisheriest, Pabellón Arteaga.
[2] Martínez-De, Lara.J., Barrientos-Lara, M.C., Reyes-De Anda, A.C., Hernández-Delgado, S., Melilla-Ramírez, J.S., Mayek-Perez, N. (2004) Phenotypic and Genetic Diversity in Guava Orchards from Calvillo, Aguascalientes. Mexicana Magazine Fitotecnia, 27, 243-249.
[3] Damián, N.A., González, H.V.A., Sánchez, G.P., Pe?a, V.C.B., Livera, M.N. and Brito, G.T. (2004) Growth and Phenology of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. “Media China” in Iguala, Guerrero. Mexicana Magazine Fitotecnia, 27, 349-358.
[4] Araujo, F., Quintero, S., Salas, J., Villalobos, J. and Casanova, A. (1997) Growth and Nutrient Accumulation Guava Fruit (Psidium guajava L.) Red Creole Type in Maracaibo Plain. Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía (LUZ), 14, 315-328.
[5] Laguado, N., Perez, E., Alvarado, C. and Marin, M. (1999) Physiochemical and Physiological Features Guava Fruits Types of Creole Red and San Miguel at the Mara, Zulia, Venezuela plain. Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía (LUZ), 16, 382-397.
[6] Marin, M.A., Casassa, A., Rincón, J., Labarca, Y., Hernandez, E., Gómez, Z., Viloria, B. and Bracho, J.M. (2000) Agronomy Journal (LUZ), 17, 384-392.
[7] García, E. (1981) Modificaciones al sistema de clasificación climática de K?ppen. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F.
[8] Damián, N.A., González, H.V.A., Sánchez, G.P., Pe?a, V.C.B. and Livera, M.N. (2006) Dynamics and Nutrient Diagnosis of Guava in Iguala, Guerrero, Mexico. Revista Latinoamericana Terra, 24, 125-132.
[9] SAS Institute (1999) SAS Language and Procedure Usage. Version 8, SAS Institute Inc., Cary.
[10] González, G.E., Padilla, R.J.S., Reyes, L.M., Perales, de la C.M.A. and Esquivel, F.V. (2002) Guava; Cultivation in Mexico. Experimental Field Pavilion. National Institute of Forestry, Agriculture and Livestock, Pavilion Aguascalientes.
[11] Díaz, M.D.H. (2002) Fisiología de árboles Frutales. AGT Editor, S.A., México D.F., 390 p.
[12] Salisbury, F.B. and Ross, C.W. (1994) Fisiología Vegetal. Grupo Editorial Iberoamérica S.A., México, 759 p.
[13] Ca?izares, A., Laverde, D. and Puesme, R. (2003) Growth and Development of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Fruit in Santa Barbara, Managas State, Venezuela. UDO Agricultural Magazine, 3, 34-38.
[14] Laguado, N., Marín, M., Arenas, de M.L., Araujo, F., Castro, de R.C. and Rincon, A. (2002) Growing Fruit of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Red Creole Type. Rev. Fac. Agron. (LUZ), 19, 273-283.
[15] Padilla, R.J.S., González, G.E., Muro, R.L., Perales, de la C.M.A., Mercado, S.E.M. and Mayek, P.N. (2003) Caracterización de germoplasma de guayabo en 24 selecciones. En la región de Calvillo-ca?ones. Aguascalientes. Primer Simposio Internacional de la Guayaba. 8 a 11 de diciembre. Aguascalientes, México.
[16] Perales, de la C.M.A., Padilla, R.J.S., González, G.E. and Reyes, P.H.R. (2005) Manual para la producción integral del cultivo de guayaba. Campo Experimental Pabellón. Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias, 175 p.
[17] Labarca, E.J., Gómez, E., Hernandez, Y., Rivero, G., Marín, M., Bracho, B. and Cassasa, A. (1999) Fruit Growth of Guava of Three Cuban Introductions Grafted onto Psidium friedrichsthaslisnum Berg-Niedenzum. Rev. Fac. Agron. (LUZ), 16, 382-397.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.