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Documentation and Phytochemical Screening of Traditional Beauty Products Used in Missenyi District of Tanzania

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DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2014.45047    5,349 Downloads   6,389 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background Information: The concept of beauty and cosmetics is as old as mankind and civilization. Raw materials for beauty products are dominated by petroleum and synthetic products. In recent years, there has been an increase of natural product-based cosmetics along with creating beauty from the inside by consumption of nutraceuticals. Tanzania traditional beauty products are still in use especially rural areas, but the documentation is lacking. Objectives: This work aimed at documenting traditional beauty products in Kagera region as an effort to avoid loss of useful information and available useful traditional findings for safe utilization in beauty products. Meth-odology: Information was obtained from knowledgeable people in Missenyi district by focus group discussion. Collected materials were identified in Botany and Zoology Departments at the University of Dar es Salaam followed by literature search and phytochemical screening. Results: This study afforded to record 13 plants, 4 animal products, mineral and other organic products. Most products are used for skin care (57%) followed by hair care (22%). Literature search supported the use of some of the products and plants subjected to qualitative analysis showed presence of phytochemicals relevant to beautification. Discussion: Some of the recorded plant and animal products are incorporated in natural based cosmetic products. Hazardous practice of using skin lightening plant products and dry cell powders was noted. Conclusion: The use of products which are already incorporated in the cosmetic products especially in countries where these products are well regulated should be promoted. Products reported for the first time require scientific studies to establish their effectiveness and safety. Since this study recorded the use of some dangerous materials, people need to be educated through media.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Maregesi, S. , Kagashe, G. and Felix, F. (2014) Documentation and Phytochemical Screening of Traditional Beauty Products Used in Missenyi District of Tanzania. Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications, 4, 355-364. doi: 10.4236/jcdsa.2014.45047.

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