Antibodies to Newcastle Disease Virus in Egg Yolks of Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) at Qinghai Lake


Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is not considered as cause of serious disease in humans. But, recent data make it clear that, under particular circumstances, it is indeed possible for NDV to cause severe human respiratory disease. Newcastle Disease infection has been reported in many bird species. Cormorants that inhabit at the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau are mainly represented by Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis), which is distributed mainly on the Qinghai Lake area. Cormorants are considered as one of the main NDV-reservoir. We conducted the study for the presence of antibodies to Newcastle disease virus by hemagglutination inhibition test in yolks. We got 50% of seropositive yolks to Newcastle disease virus. These results show that NDV circulates in the Qinghai Lake population of cormorants. We first used the technique of detection of antibodies to Newcastle disease virus in the egg yolk for study the circulation of the virus in cormorants and demonstrated its effectiveness. We should carefully monitor cases of pneumonia in the population of people living around the lake and assess the causes of the disease.

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Alekseeev, A. , Sharshov, K. , Marchenko, V. , Li, Z. , Cao, J. , Yang, F. , Shestopalov, A. , Shkurupy, V. and Li, L. (2014) Antibodies to Newcastle Disease Virus in Egg Yolks of Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) at Qinghai Lake. Advances in Infectious Diseases, 4, 194-197. doi: 10.4236/aid.2014.44027.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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