Spinel-Bearing Lherzolite Xenoliths from Hosséré Garba (Likok, Adamawa-Cameroon): Mineral Compositions and Geothermobarometric Implications


Spinel-bearing lherzolite xenoliths from the Hossere Garba (1272 m.a.s.l) volcano on the Adamawa Plateau, is located in Likok village, at about 35 km to WSW of Ngaoundere. These xenoliths (~11 cm size) have been sampled into the host basaltic lava flows from the NE flank of the Hossere Garba volcano. These xenoliths characterized by porphyroclastic texture consisted of olivine (~55 vol.%), orthopyroxene (~19 vol.%) and clinopyroxene (~21 vol.%) crystals. Spinel crystals (~5 vol.%) are red brown and interstitial between the crystals of olivine and pyroxenes. CaO contents are low (<0.08 wt%) in olivine and similar to those estimated (CaO: 0.05 - 0.1 wt%) for the mantle origin. The values of AlVI/AlIV ratio range between 1.1 and 1.3 for the Cr-diopside crystals from Hossere Garba xenoliths. The constant value of the volumes V(Cell) and V(M1) for clinopyroxene compositions, indicates the similar pressures. Hossere Garba represents a residual sequence issued from partial melting of a mantle source. Similar compositions have been recorded in minerals of ultramafic xenoliths from other ultramafic xenoliths domains of the Cameroon Line and the Adamawa Plateau.

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Dagwai, N. , Gilles, C. , Pierre, K. , Bertrand, M. and Ismaïla, N. (2014) Spinel-Bearing Lherzolite Xenoliths from Hosséré Garba (Likok, Adamawa-Cameroon): Mineral Compositions and Geothermobarometric Implications. International Journal of Geosciences, 5, 1435-1444. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2014.512117.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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