First Evidence of Hantavirus in Central Iran as an Emerging Viral Disease
Sadegh Chinikar1*, Abbas Ali Javadi2*, Arash Hajiannia2, Behroz Ataei2, Tahmineh Jalali1, Sahar Khakifirouz1, Norbert Nowotny3,4, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit5, Nariman Shahhosseini1,5
1Arboviruses and Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers Laboratory (National Ref. Lab), Department of Virology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
2Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3Institute of Virology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria.
4Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman.
5WHO Collaborating Centre for Arbovirus and Haemorrhagic Fever Reference and Research, Department of Virology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany.
DOI: 10.4236/aid.2014.44024   PDF   HTML   XML   3,013 Downloads   4,121 Views   Citations


Hantavirus is a zoonosis transmitted from rodents to humans. Asymptomatic infected rodents can secrete hantaviruses in the urine, feces, and saliva. The main route of infection transmission to human is aerosols contaminated with the virus. This study was designed to evaluate the serological and molecular prevalence of hantavirus as an emerging zoonoses disease among street sweepers in Isfahan province, central Iran. Serum samples from 200 street sweepers in healthy condition and those with recent renal failure were tested by ELISA (IgM and IgG). Molecular analysis was subsequently applied for IgM positive cases. From these samples, 9 (4.5%) were positive, of which 2 (22.22%) were positive for both IgM and RT-PCR, while 7 (77.77%) were positive for IgG. The mean age and work experience of the positive cases were 39.7 and 11.5 respectively. According to our observations, all positive cases reported prevalence of rodents in their work place. The logistic regression test showed that the age and work experience were not risk factors for being positive, but prevalence of rodents in work place was a risk factor for being positive, when compared with negative cases. This is the first comprehensive study on the prevalence of hantavirus with positive results coming from Iranian population, which can raise the public awareness for the hantavirus infections as a public health threat.

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Chinikar, S. , Javadi, A. , Hajiannia, A. , Ataei, B. , Jalali, T. , Khakifirouz, S. , Nowotny, N. , Schmidt-Chanasit, J. and Shahhosseini, N. (2014) First Evidence of Hantavirus in Central Iran as an Emerging Viral Disease. Advances in Infectious Diseases, 4, 173-177. doi: 10.4236/aid.2014.44024.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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