Respiratory Volume Monitoring to Assess the Effect of Airway Maneuvers on Ventilation during Upper Endoscopy


Introduction: Propofol use during endoscopic procedures has become increasingly popular and assessing and maintaining airway patency is a significant challenge. Anesthesiologists often use airway maneuvers to maintain airway patency and ventilation during procedural sedation. A novel, non-invasive, Respiratory Volume Monitor (RVM) that provided continuous, real-time measurements of minute ventilation (MV), tidal volume (TV) and respiratory rate (RR) was used to monitor respiratory performance before, during, and after endoscopic procedures, quantify MV changes before and after airway maneuvers, and to quantify propofol-induced respiratory depression. Methods: RVM traces were obtained from 25 patients undergoing sedation for endoscopic procedures. Airway maneuvers were performed in 19/25 patients. All 25 patients received propofol as the primary sedative. Results: Forty-five airway maneuvers were performed. During these maneuvers, all respiratory parameters increased relative to pre-maneuver levels. On average, MV increased by 24% ± 5% (mean ± SEM), TV 14% ± 5% and RR: 17% ± 6%. The cohort average MVBASELINE was 9.5 ± 0.7 L/min (TV = 670 ± 60 ml, RR = 15 ± 0.7). Following propofol MV decreased transiently, reaching nadir five minutes after the last dose of propofol at 82% ± 10% of baseline (MV = 7.5 ± 1.0 L/min). The reduction in MV was driven by reduction in TV, not RR. Conclusions: Data demonstrated that RVM was able to track changes in ventilation and was able to quantify respiratory changes following airway maneuvers. All patients had a significant reduction in ventilatory volumes after propofol. Five minutes after the last dose of propofol, MV and TV were significantly reduced while RR was not, suggesting that monitoring respiratory rate alone was not a sufficient indicator of respiratory status.

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Holley, K. , Mathews, D. , Ladd, D. , Campana, L. and Schapiro, H. (2014) Respiratory Volume Monitoring to Assess the Effect of Airway Maneuvers on Ventilation during Upper Endoscopy. Open Journal of Anesthesiology, 4, 281-290. doi: 10.4236/ojanes.2014.411041.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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