Midwives’ Adherence to Preoperative Care Guidelines Prior to Emergency Caesarean Section at Bwaila Maternity Hospital in Malawi

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DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.411081    3,825 Downloads   4,447 Views   Citations


A study was conducted to describe midwives’ adherence to preoperative care during emergency caesarian section at Bwaila Maternity Wing in 2012 in Malawi. The study utilized a descriptive prospective and retrospective design. A structured questionnaire was administered to all 28 midwives who were directly involved in the preparation of clients for emergency caesarean section. Clients charts were also reviewed using a standard checklist to determine adherence to preoperative care. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0 and descriptive statistics in the form of frequencies and percentages were computed for the dataset. A midwife was supposed to score at least 80% on each component of preoperative care guidelines to be compliant to the stipulated pre-operation standards. The midwives scored above 80% on only four of the 14 preoperative care guidelines which were; bladder catheterization (100%, n = 14), obtaining informed consent (92.9%, n = 12), administration of IV (96.4%, n = 13) and administration of preoperative antibiotics (82.1%, n = 11). Midwives however scored less than 80% on preoperative procedures that dealt with vital signs (28.6%, n = 4): BP check (28.6%, n = 4); Pulse rate check (25%, n = 3.5); respiration check (25%, n = 3.5) and temperature check (25%, n = 3.5). The midwives scored further below standard on blood specimen collection (78.6%, n = 11). Psychological support to clients was also below standard at 60.7%, n = 8. Other components of psychological support such as surgery information (57.1%, n = 8), allowing clients ask questions (28.6%, n = 4) and answering clients’ questions (25%, n = 3.5) were also scored below standard. Overall the standard of preoperative care was below standard at the facility. Most of the midwives were new graduates, who had never received any in-service training on preoperative care. Therefore in service training it is recommended for the midwives to provide good quality of care.

Cite this paper

Mwale, R. , Maluwa, A. , Malata, A. and Odland, J. (2014) Midwives’ Adherence to Preoperative Care Guidelines Prior to Emergency Caesarean Section at Bwaila Maternity Hospital in Malawi. Open Journal of Nursing, 4, 754-761. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2014.411081.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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