Zr-Ti-Ni-Cu Amorphous Brazing Fillers Applied to Brazing Titanium TA2 and Q235 Steel


Ti-Zr-Cu-Ni amorphous filler with good performance is suitable for joining TC and TB titanium alloy, but its melting temperature is higher than 882.5°C, the αβ phase transition temperature of TA2, which makes the ductility of TA2 fall and the microstructure of the joint coarse. In this paper, Ti-Zr-Cu-Ni amorphous filler was redesigned and optimized by using orthogonal experiment to obtain three easy-to-use Zr-Ti-Ni-Cu amorphous fillers with low melting points and good plasticity. The fast cooling equipment was used to fabricate the brazing filler foils to implement the braze welding of TA2 and Q235 with high frequency inductance. The results indicate that all the brazing foils are amorphous structure with lower melting temperature, for example, Zr52Ti22Ni18Cu8 filler’s is 538°C. The technical parameters in brazing welding are: welding temperature T = 800°C; heating electric current I =25 A; heating time t = 15 s and holding time t = 15 s, in the case of these conditions, the jointing head shear strength of TA2/Zr52Ti24Ni13Cu11/Q235 is 139 MPa. Fracture is mainly located in the brazing seam. The white brittle intermetallic TiFe, TiFe2 and enhancement TiC spread in the center zone of brazing seam.

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Cui, J. , Zhai, Q. , Xu, J. , Wang, Y. and Ye, J. (2014) Zr-Ti-Ni-Cu Amorphous Brazing Fillers Applied to Brazing Titanium TA2 and Q235 Steel. Materials Sciences and Applications, 5, 823-829. doi: 10.4236/msa.2014.511082.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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