HEALS: A Faith-Based Hypertension Control Program for African-Americans: A Feasibility Study

DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2014.43015   PDF   HTML     2,863 Downloads   3,674 Views   Citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the feasibility of a behavioral faith-based PREMIER study modified hypertension (HTN) control intervention in a semi urban African-American (AA) church. Methods: In a prospective longitudinal study design, a 12-week behavioral HEALS (Healthy Eating and Living Spiritually) intervention was tested for its feasibility and efficacy in a semi urban AA church. High-risk adult church members with HTN were recruited. Program sessions were weekly delivered by the trained church members. Data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA. Results: 22 of 34 subjects (65% retention) provided complete information on the outcome measures. Mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) reduction from baseline was 22 mmHg (p < 0.001) and 6.5 mmHg for diastolic BP (p = 0.0048). Mean weight reduction of 3.11 kg from the baseline (p < 0.0001) was also observed. 91% subjects attended 7 - 9 sessions. Conclusion: Promoting behavioral HTN control interventions in high risk AAs by empowering AA church communities is feasible and efficacious.

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Dodani, S. , Arora, S. and Kraemer, D. (2014) HEALS: A Faith-Based Hypertension Control Program for African-Americans: A Feasibility Study. Open Journal of Internal Medicine, 4, 95-100. doi: 10.4236/ojim.2014.43015.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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