Shallow Reflection Surveys of the East Ongul Island, the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica

DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2014.59089   PDF   HTML     3,925 Downloads   4,370 Views   Citations


The shallow reflection surveys were carried out in 2007 and 2010 austral summers in East Ongul Island, the Lützow-Holm Complex (LHC), East Antarctica. LHC is identified by geologically as one of the Pan-African terrains of Eastern Dronning Maud Land. The multi-channel reflection surveys targeted to achieve the image of laminated layering of metamorphic rocks near the surface (the depths down to a few hundreds of meters) of the crystalline crust. Two surveys were conducted in total length of the profiles about 500 m along a main traffic load across the East Ongul Island. The multi-channel acquisition systems were utilized with combining the dense geophones along the profiles. Seismic sources were adopted by combining the boom of a power shovel, a weight drop and hammer shots with their intervals in a few tens of meters. The obtained data include clear first P-arrivals in far offset distance. The energy of P-S converted waves was enhanced because of the characteristics of the seismic sources. Pre-stacked images could be expected to the information on metamorphic layering for several lithological structure composed by hornblende gneiss, garnet gneiss and pyroxene gneiss appearing as the surface bedrocks. The conducted shallow reflection surveys would give rise to one step for understanding tectonic formation of LHC, as one of the Pan-African mobile belts in Gondwana super-continent.

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Kanao, M. , Takemoto, T. , Fujiwara, A. , Ito, K. and Ikawa, T. (2014) Shallow Reflection Surveys of the East Ongul Island, the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica. International Journal of Geosciences, 5, 1037-1047. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2014.59089.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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