Share This Article:

Application of Ant Colony Algorithm to the Analysis of Common Mode EMI Model of DC Motor

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:1334KB) PP. 96-106
DOI: 10.4236/epe.2011.32013    5,695 Downloads   9,555 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) of direct current (DC) motor windings is a system model which is used to reflect the functional characters of the system in the whole EMC specified frequency (150 KHz ~ 30 MHz). For most motor designing process, it is always used to evaluate the inductance of windings in lower or working frequency; however, when analyzing the conducted interference, it is necessary to take some pa-rameters in high frequency into account in building up the EMC model, such as the noticeable capacitance distributed among the windings or between windings and shells. Past research neglected the common-mode current generated by the high frequency interference within motor bearings coupled with shells, since the parasitic capacitance of rotor core comes from armature windings supplied sufficient paths. In EMC model-ing process for DC motor problem, first, test the impedance of windings by experiments; then, generate the equivalent circuit with overall parameters. At present, it is a difficulty that how to choose the parameters. Most researchers preferred to adopt analytical calculation results, however, it could not reflect the essence of the model since it requires many simplification. Based on this point, this paper adopted ant colony algorithm (ACA) with positive feedback to intelligently search and globally optimize the parameters of equivalent cir-cuit. Simulation result showed that the impedance of equivalent circuit calculated by this algorithm was the same as experimental result in the whole EMC frequency. In order to further confirm the validity of ACA, PSPICE circuit simulation was implemented to simulate the spectrum of common mode Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) of equivalent circuit. The simulation result accords well with the experiment result re-ceived by EMI receiver. So it sufficiently demonstrated correctness of ACA in the analysis of high frequency equivalent circuit.

Cite this paper

J. Liu, X. Wang and J. Nan, "Application of Ant Colony Algorithm to the Analysis of Common Mode EMI Model of DC Motor," Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2011, pp. 96-106. doi: 10.4236/epe.2011.32013.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] N. Mutoh, “A Suitable Method for Ecovehicles to Control Surge Voltage Occurring at Motor Terminals Connected to PWM Inverters and to Control Induced EMI Noise,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 57, No. 4, pp. 2089-2098. doi:10.1109/TVT.2007.912174
[2] J. Benecke, A. Lined and S. Dickmann, “Automatic HF Model Generation and Impedance Optimization for Low Voltage DC Motors,” Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Electrical Machines, Vilamoura, 6-9 September 2008, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.1108/03321641011061506
[3] K. Maki, H. Funato and L. Shao, “Motor Modeling for EMC simulation by 3-D Electromagnetic Field Analysis,” IEEE International Conference on Electric Machines and Drives Conference, Miami, 3-6 May 2009, pp. 103-108. doi: 10.1109/IEMDC.2009.5075190
[4] C. Martis, H. Hedesiu and B. Tataranu, “High-Frequency Model and Conductive Interferences of a Small Doubly Salient Permanent Magnet Machine,” IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, Hammarnet, 8-10 December 2004, pp.1378-1383. doi: 10.1109/ICIT.2004.1490762
[5] J. Meng, W. M. Ma, D. Z. Liu et al., “Time Domain Model and Simulation Analysis of the Conducted EMI for Alternator-Rectifier Systems,” Proceedings of the Chinese Society for Electrical Engineering, Vol. 22, No. 6, 2002, pp. 76-80.
[6] J. Benecke and S. Dickmann, “Inductive and capacitive Couplings in DC Motors with Built-in Damping Chokes,” 17th International Zurich Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Singapore, February 27-March 3, 2006, pp. 69-72. doi: 10.1109/EMCZUR.2006.214871
[7] L. Wang and Q. D. Wu, “Ant System Algorithm in Continuous Space Optimization,” Control and Decision, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2003, pp. 45-48.
[8] A. L. Jennings, R. Ordonez and N. Ceccarelli, “An Ant Colony Optimization Using Training Data Applied to UAV Way Point Path Planning in Wind,” IEEE Swarm Intelligence Symposium, Saint Louis, 21-23 September 2008, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.1109/SIS.2008.4668302
[9] Y. G. Chen, X. Gu, Y. H. Shen and S. Z. Xing, “Optimization of Active Power Filter System PI Parameters Based on Improved Ant Colony Algorithm,” IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, Luoyang, 25-28 June 2006, pp. 2189-2193. doi: 10.1109/ICMA.2006.257633
[10] X. S. Liu, J. J. Qi, Q. T. Song, et al., “Method of Constructing Power Line Communication Networks over Low-Voltage Distribution Networks Based on Ant Colony Optimization,” Proceedings of the CSEE, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2008, pp. 71-76.
[11] M. X. Yuan, S. N. Wang and P. K. Li, “A Model of Ant Colony and Immune Network and Its Application in Path Planning,” 3rd IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, Singapore, 3-5 June 2008, pp. 102- 107. doi:10.1109/ICIEA.2008.4582488
[12] W. Gao, “New computational Model from Ant Colony,” IEEE International Conference on Granular Computing, Fremont, 2-4 November 2007, p. 640. doi: 10.1109/GrC.2007.26
[13] A. Boglietti, A. Cavagnino and M. Lazzari, “Experimental High Frequency Parameter Idetification of AC Electrical Motors,” IEEE Transactions on Applications, Vol. 49, No. 3, 2005, pp. 5-10.
[14] R. Kahoul, P. Marcha, Y. Azzouz and B. Mazari, “HF Model of DC Motor Impedance EMC Problems in Automotive Applications,” IEEE International Symposium on EMC, Detroit, 18-22 August 2008, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.1109/ISEMC.2008.4652143
[15] J. Benecke and S. Dickmann, “Analytical HF Model of A Low Voltage DC Motor Armature Including Parasitic Properties,” IEEE International Symposium on EMC, Honolulu, 9-13 July 2007, pp. 1-4. doi: 10.1109/ISEMC.2007.250
[16] J. S. Lai, X. D. Huang, E. Pepa and S. T. Chen, “Inverter EMI Modeling and Simulation Methodologies,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 53, No. 3, 2006, pp. 736-744. doi:10.1109/TIE.2006.874427
[17] D. H. Zhang, P. Yan, Y. H. Gao, et al., “Using Methods of Transformer in Pspice,” Electrotechnical Application, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2007, pp. 82-87.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.