Enhancement of Periodontal Healing by Application of a Novel Ointment Compared with Hyaluronic Acid, Histological Observation in Animal Model

DOI: 10.4236/mri.2014.33009   PDF   HTML   XML   4,354 Downloads   5,480 Views   Citations


Objectives: The early healing of the periodontal wound in oral cavity may be critical to the treatment outcome. Thus, we made a novel ointment based on natural constituents that our recent investigation suggested a positive therapeutic effects on gingival wounds. The present study was conducted to evaluate the role of this novel biomaterial on periodontal wound healing including soft as well as hard tissue. Materials and Methods: Experimental periodontitis was induced by wire tied around the cement-enamel junction of I2, P1, P3 and M1 in six adult, healthy beagle dogs. After 3 months, mucoperiostal flap elevated and root surfaced was thoroughly scaled and planed. Randomly, three materials including our ointment with two different ratios including materials A and B and hyluronic acid were applied topically and then the flaps were repositioned and sutured. Three dogs at day 7 and the three remaining ones two weeks post-surgery were sacrificed and histological changes were monitored. Results: The result of this study showed that the local applications of this novel ointment promoted the healing process particularly fibroblast proliferation and collagen density remarkably in comparison with hyaluronic acid and control group. Besides, histological finding of our material revealed that in general terms had all the hallmarks of complete healing two weeks post operatively. Conclusion: Our novel material appeared to have outstanding effect on periodontal wound healing which can improve the periodontal healing consequences and provide better strength of periodontal wound flap. From a clinical standpoint, it could play an important role for better repair in diabetic patients who frequently present difficulties in mucosal and cutanous wound healing.

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Habiboallah, G. , Mahdi, Z. , Nasroallah, S. , Massoud, Z. , Ehsan, B. , Mina, Z. and Kamran, S. (2014) Enhancement of Periodontal Healing by Application of a Novel Ointment Compared with Hyaluronic Acid, Histological Observation in Animal Model. Modern Research in Inflammation, 3, 71-81. doi: 10.4236/mri.2014.33009.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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