The Role of Courage in Intellectual Work


Intellectual life is not a thing apart from the humanizing and moralizing influences that moral virtues provide. Saint Thomas’s teachings about moral virtues suggest how essential he considers them for a flourishing speculative life. He makes all this very clear in the Second Part of the Summa Theologiae. The potential parts of fortitude which have a crucial role in intellectual work are patience, perseverance and magnanimity. In this article I show how these potential virtues act in speculative life.

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Irizar, L. (2014). The Role of Courage in Intellectual Work. Psychology, 5, 1019-1023. doi: 10.4236/psych.2014.59114.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Aquinas, T. (1947). Summa Theologia. (Fathers of the English Dominican Province, Translation). Benziger Bros. Edition.
[2] Aristotle (1993). De Anima (D. W. Hamlyn, translation). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[3] Aristotle (2009). Nicomachean Ethics (O. University, Translation). Oxford: Oxford World’s Classics.
[4] John Paul, II. (1998). Fides et ratio (Vatican Translation). Boston: Pauline Books and Media.

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