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Agrochemicals and the Ghanaian Environment, a Review

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.23026    11,115 Downloads   22,521 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Agrochemicals are generally recognized as a significant factor in enhancing the ability to meet Ghana’s need for sufficient, safe and affordable food and fiber, however, increased usage have led to environmental deterioration. In Ghana agriculture and public health sectors remain the major contributors of pollutants into the environment. This is a systematic review of studies done in Ghana to give an integrated picture of agrochemicals especially pesticides exposure to humans, animals, plants, water, soil/sediment and atmosphere in Ghana. Although the widespread usage of agrochemicals in Ghana has contributed immensely to increased food supply and improvement in public health, it has caused tremendous harm to the environment. Water bodies, fish, vegetables, food, soil and sediment have been found to be pesticide contaminated. There is considerable evidence that farmers have overused agrochemicals especially pesticides. It is evident from biological monitoring studies that farmers are at higher risk for acute and chronic health effects associated with pesticides due to occupational exposure. Furthermore the intensive use of pesticides involves a special risk of for field workers, consumers and unacceptable residue levels in exportable products may serve as barrier to international trade. This review will set the future course of action of different studies on agrochemical usage and pesticide exposure in Ghana.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

J. Fianko, A. Donkor, S. Lowor and P. Yeboah, "Agrochemicals and the Ghanaian Environment, a Review," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2011, pp. 221-230. doi: 10.4236/jep.2011.23026.

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