Impact of Iron Ore Tailing on Foraminifera of the Uppateru River Estuary, East Coast of India

DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.23025   PDF   HTML     5,825 Downloads   11,522 Views   Citations


Benthic foraminiferal assemblages have been used to determine the effects of Iran ore tailing pollution on the marine environment. The present paper attempts to unveil pollution impact as responded by foraminiferal species of Uppateru estuary. The faunal data thus generated is compared with earlier data sets for possible adverse effects. There has been substantial reduction in total foraminiferal number (TFN), from 574 in 2006 to 213 in 2008 species ( per10 gram sediment. Even the total species number (TSN) decreased from 27 in ( 2006 to 8 ( in 2008. Ammonia accounted for its share (68%), followed by Elphidium (7.4%) and Quinqueloculina (6.5%). These genera are considered to be robust and opportunistic type in the study area. This faunal variation in terms of density (TFN) may be owing to the pollution caused by iron ore tailing. This study also supports the view that benthic foraminiferal biota can be used as a tool to monitor marine pollution in general and estuarine environment in specific.

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N. Jayaraju, B. Reddy, K. Reddy and A. Reddy, "Impact of Iron Ore Tailing on Foraminifera of the Uppateru River Estuary, East Coast of India," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2011, pp. 213-220. doi: 10.4236/jep.2011.23025.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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