Exploring the Feasibility of Text Messaging Intervention in Intimate Partner Violence

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DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.47056    3,050 Downloads   4,072 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is defined as controlling, abusive, and aggressive behavior in a romantic relationship. Women between the ages 16 and 24 experience the highest rate of IPV. IPV costs US society at least $13.6 billion annually and is expected to rise to $15.6 billion by 2021. The purpose of this study is to explore the feasibility of Text Messaging Intervention (TMI) in recognizing, responding and preventing IPV among college students. The research questions are: Will TMI 1) improve participant knowledge of warning signs of IPV? (Knowledge) and 2) improve participant confidence to intervene in IPV? (Confidence). Methods: A mixed methods design in data collection and data analysis was used. One-way ANOVA and Chi-square test were used to analyze quantitative data from the pre and post TMI survey. Results of the qualitative data analysis are included verbatim. Results: Results showed that knowledge level pre to post test increased from 2.00 ± 1.00 to 2.7 ± 0.48 (p < 0.001) and confidence level pre to post test increased from 2.89 ± 0.60 to 3.30 ± 0.68 (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Further research is needed in evaluating the feasibility and effectiveness of IPV prevention programs that uses mobile devices to create the best optimal health outcomes.

Cite this paper

Constantino, R. , Wu, L. , de la Cruz, D. , Burroughs, J. , Hwang, J. , Henderson, A. and Braxter, B. (2014) Exploring the Feasibility of Text Messaging Intervention in Intimate Partner Violence. Open Journal of Nursing, 4, 528-537. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2014.47056.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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