International Male Migration and Its Impact on Education of Children and Wives Left Behind: Evidence from Punjab Pakistan


It is observed that international migration is a growing phenomenon and has got considerable attention. It has profound effects on the source countries. In the present study, an effort has been made to identify the possible impact of migration on families left behind, with special focus on children’s education and females. Migration of labor mobility affects the education of the family members in many ways i.e. remittance enables the migrant families to spend more amount on education, many problems faced by the wives of migrant left behind regarding the education of their children and work load. In-depth interviews were conducted from the respondents for the collection of data. The preliminary findings of the study show that emigration has left deep social-economic impacts on life standards of families left behind in Gujrat.

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Iqbal, S. , Mozmi, R. , Iqbal, F. and Saeed, M. (2014) International Male Migration and Its Impact on Education of Children and Wives Left Behind: Evidence from Punjab Pakistan. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2, 464-467. doi: 10.4236/jss.2014.26054.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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