Assessment of Groundwater Potential and Aquifer Characteristics in the Vicinity of Igun, Eku and Oria in Delta State, Nigeria

DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.68070   PDF   HTML     3,342 Downloads   4,364 Views   Citations


This study was carried out to investigate the groundwater potential and aquifer characteristics of locations in Igun, Eku and Oria in Delta State, Nigeria. Nine vertical electrical soundings using the Schlumberger configuration were conducted to assess the geoelectric properties of the subsurface, while down-hole loggings and pumping test were employed to evaluate the aquifer characteristics of the area. The geoelectric data were interpreted by partial curve matching and computer iteration techniques to determine the resistivity, thickness and depth of the subsurface formations. The result revealed the presence of four geoelectric layers comprising of lateritic/loamy topsoil, clay, fine-medium grain sand, and coarse sand. Analysis of the geoelectric interpretation indicates that the third and fourth layers are water bearing horizons. Result further indicates that the fourth layer with a resistivity range of 2212 to 7148 Ωm and depth range of 24.7 to 31.9 m is more prolific than the third layer aquifer. The result of hydrogeological investigation showed that the electrical conductivity of the groundwater aquifer in Igun, Eku and Oria are 0.028, 0.032 and 0.024 mS/m respectively, while their corresponding total dissolved solid are 91.08, 95.92 and 79.53 mg/m3. The result also showed that the transmissivity of the groundwater in Igun, Eku and Oria are 0.0728, 0.0873 and 0.0679 m2/min respectively while their corresponding storativity were obtained as 3.21 × 10-4, 4.71 × 10-4, and 2.87 × 10-4. These results obtained from the three locations have shown that the groundwater aquifer is reliable in terms of quality and yield as they conform to international standards.

Share and Cite:

Anomohanran, O. (2014) Assessment of Groundwater Potential and Aquifer Characteristics in the Vicinity of Igun, Eku and Oria in Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 6, 731-740. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.68070.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Anomohanran, O. (2013) Geophysical Investigation of Groundwater Potential in Ukelegbe, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences, 13, 119-125.
[2] Anomohanran, O. (2013) Investigating the Geoelectric Response of Water Saturated and Hydrocarbon Impacted Sand in the Vicinity of Petroleum Pipeline. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 3, 14-21.
[3] Okiongbo, K.S., Akofure, E. and Odubo, E. (2011) Determination of Aquifer Protective Capacity and Corrosivity of Near Surface Materials in Yenagoa City, Nigeria. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 3, 785-791.
[4] Egbai, J.C. (2011) Vertical Electric Sounding for the Determination of Aquifer Transmissivity. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5, 1209-1214.
[5] Adeoti, L., Alile, O.M., Uchegbulam, O. and Adegbola, R.B. (2012) Geoelectrical Investigation of the Groundwater Potential in Mowe, Ogun State, Nigeria. British Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 2, 58-71.
[6] Utom, A.U., Odoh, B.I. and Okoro A.U. (2012) Estimation of Aquifer Transmissivity Using Dar Zarrouk Parameters Derived from Surface Resistivity Measurements: A Case History from Parts of Enugu Town (Nigeria). Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 4, 993-1000.
[7] Anudu, G.K., Onuba, L.N. and Ufondu, L.S. (2011) Geoelectric Sounding for Groundwater Exploration in the Crystalline Basement Terrain around Onipe and Adjoining Areas, Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Applied Technology in Environmental Sanitation, 1, 343-354.
[8] Anomohanran, O. (2011) Determination of Groundwater Potential in Asaba Nigeria Using Surface Geoelectric Sounding. International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 6, 7651-7656.
[9] Gabr, A., Murad, A., Baker, H., Bloushi, K., Arman, H. and Mahmoud, S. (2012) The Use of Seismic Refraction and Electrical Techniques to Investigate Groundwater Aquifer, Wadi Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Conference Proceedings of the Water Resources and Wetlands, 14-16 September 2012.
[10] Nejad, H.T. (2009) Geoelectric Investigation of the Aquifer Characteristics and Groundwater Potential in Behbahan Azad University Farm, Khuzestan Province, Iran. Journal of Applied Sciences, 9, 3691-3698.
[11] Anomohanran, O. (2013) Evaluation of Aquifer Characteristics in Echi, Delta State, Nigeria Using Well Logging and Pumping Test Method. American Journal of Applied Science, 10, 1263-1269.
[12] Straface, S., Fallico, C., Troisi, S., Rizzo, E. and Revil, A. (2007) An Inverse Proceedure to Estimate Transmissivity from Heads and SP Signal. Ground Water, 45, 420-428.
[13] Fetter, C.W. (2007) Applied Hydrogeology. 2nd Edition, CBS Publishers and Distribution, New Delhi, 592.
[14] Okiongbo, K.S. and Akpofure, E. (2012) Determination of Aquifer Properties and Groundwater Vulnerability Mapping Using Geoelectric Method in Yenagoa City and Its Environs in Bayesa State, South South Nigeria. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 4, 354-362.
[15] EPA (2012) Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories. United State Environmental Protection Agency, EPA 822-S-12-001.
[16] Majumdar, R.K. and Das, D. (2011) Hydrological Characterization and Estimation of Aquifer Properties from Electrical Sounding Data in Sagar Island Region, South 24 Parganas, West Bengal, India. Asian Journal of Earth Sciences, 4, 60-74.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.