Are HIV Infected People Well Prepared to Travel? Polish Experience


Introduction: This study aimed to identify knowledge about preparation for travel among Polish HIV infected patients. Materials and Methods: Our prospective questionnaire-based study assessed whether the abovementioned issues had an influence on travel plan decisions and whether HIV infected Polish people had any problems before and during travel. Results: All our 102 patients completed questionnaires. The majority sought pre-travel health advice. The mean duration of confirmed HIV infection was longer in travelers than in non-travelers (p = 0.02). More than half of travelers consulted with a physician prior to their journey but the most popular source of in-formation about the health risks of travelling was the internet while a doctor’s consultation was an alternative. Pre-travel prophylaxis was performed in less than 30% of patients. One of the most popular reasons for not travelling abroad was inadequate funds. Discussion: The situation of people with HIV in Poland is similar to that in other European countries. None of our patients had to give up their trip because of administrative barriers. HIV infected persons with a longer duration of infection were more willing to travel. One of the most popular reasons for not travelling abroad was inadequate funds. Among our patients, those afraid of potential health risks and inadequate funds are in the same proportion as in other countries. Conclusions: In our opinion, physicians should talk with HIV positive patients about their travel plans during routine visits. Polish HIV infected patients generally do not restrict their travel plans due to their HIV infection. The main sources of information for Polish HIV infected patients about possible problems during travel should be their doctor and additionally other sources of information like the internet.

Share and Cite:

Zalewski, B. , Mikula, T. , Romul, M. , Jablonska, M. , Cielniak, I. and Wiercinska-Drapalo, A. (2014) Are HIV Infected People Well Prepared to Travel? Polish Experience. World Journal of AIDS, 4, 119-122. doi: 10.4236/wja.2014.42015.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] World Health Organization (WHO) (2013) Media Centre. Key Facts. (updated October 2013).
[2] Schuhwerk, M.A., Richens, J. and Zuckerman, J.N. (2006) HIV and Travel. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 4, 174-183.
[3] Weitzel, T. (2012) Traveling with HIV. In: Hoffmann, C. and Rockstroh, J.K., Eds., HIV 2012/2013, MedizinFokus-Verlag, Hamburg.
[4] Huson, M.A., Stolp, S.M., Van der Poll, T. and Grobusch, M.P. (2014) Community-Acquired Bacterial Bloodstream Infections in HIV Infected Patients—A Systematic Review. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 58, 79-92.
[5] Lortholary, O., Charlier, C., Lebeaux, D., Lecuit, M. and Consigny, P.H. (2013) Fungal infections in Immunocompro-mised Travelers. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 56, 861-869.
[6] Duval, B., De Serre, G.,Shadmani, R., Boulianne, N., Pohani, G., Naus, M., Rochette, L., Fradet, M.D. and Ward, B.J. (2003) A Population-Based Comparison between Travelers Who Consulted Travel Clinics and Those Who Did Not. Journal of Travel Medicine, 10, 4-10.
[7] Simons, F.M., Cobelens, F.G. and Danner, S.A. (1999) Common Health Problems in HIV-Infected Travelers to the (Sub)tropics, Journal of Travel Medicine, 6, 71-75.
[8] Chang, F., Prytherch, M., Nesbitt, R.C., and Wilder-Smith, A. (2013) HIV-Related Travel Restrictions: Trends and Country Characteristics. Global Health Action, 6, 20472.
[9] Wiessner, P. and Haerry, D. (2010) HIV Related Restrictions on Entry and Residence: Indicator of Stigma and Dis-crimination. EATG Activities at International AIDS Conference 2010, Vienna. Retrieved from:
[10] Bartoszewicz, W. (2011) Tourism Flows. Institute of Tourism, Warsaw Retrieved from:
[11] Kemper, C.A., Linett, A., Kane, C. and Deresinski, S.C. (1995) Frequency of Travel of Adults Infected with HIV. Journal of Travel Medicine, 2, 85-88.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.