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The Genus Melodinus (Apocynaceae): Chemical and Pharmacological Perspectives

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DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.55064    4,535 Downloads   5,848 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The plants of the genus Melodinus (Apocynaceae) are widely distributed, and have long been used in folk medicine for the treatment of various ailments such as meningitis in children and rheumatic heart diseases, hernia, infantile malnutrition, dyspepsia and testitis. Over 100 alkaloids together with flavonoids, lignans, steroids, terpenoids and coumarins have been identified in the genus, and many of these have been evaluated for biological activity. This review presents comprehensive information on the chemistry and pharmacology of the genus together with the traditional uses of many of its plants. In addition, this review discusses the structure-activity relationship of different compounds as well as recent developments and the scope for future research in this aspect.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Lu, Y. , Khoo, T. and Wiart, C. (2014) The Genus Melodinus (Apocynaceae): Chemical and Pharmacological Perspectives. Pharmacology & Pharmacy, 5, 540-550. doi: 10.4236/pp.2014.55064.

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