Association between Family Environment and Sexual Behaviour of Adolescents in Burkina Faso

DOI: 10.4236/arsci.2014.22005   PDF   HTML     2,438 Downloads   4,112 Views   Citations

Abstract

Studies conducted in Africa have demonstrated the existence of a significant association between family environment and the sexual behaviour of adolescents. Generally, empirical studies of this topic are based on parental control, and family or conjugal instability and socialization approaches. The objective of this study is to assess the association between family environment and the sexual behaviour of adolescents aged 12 to 19 years. The 2004 National Survey of Adolescents (NSA) in Burkina Faso provides data for studying operationalization. Analyses were bivariate and multivariate. The former were conducted using cross tabulations while the latter used three logistic regression models. Results indicate a significant but low association among family environment variables. Absence of both parents, or a number of individuals under 20 years old higher than the number of adults in a household is not systematically associated with risky sexual behaviour. Parental control was shown to be more discriminating of sexual behaviour of adolescents from Burkina Faso, compared with communication with family members regarding sexuality. Despite current ongoing economic crises and sociocultural mutations in Burkinabe societies, household members and family still play major roles in adolescents’ education. Results reinforce sexual and reproductive health programs where parents and household members are central to strategies.

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Yode, M. and LeGrand, T. (2014) Association between Family Environment and Sexual Behaviour of Adolescents in Burkina Faso. Advances in Reproductive Sciences, 2, 33-45. doi: 10.4236/arsci.2014.22005.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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