Needs Assessment: Knowledge on Parenting and Improving the Learning Space through Technological Advances in Afghanistan


There is a perception that war and illiteracy have created a gap in knowledge on parenting amongst parents in developing countries in general, but especially in post conflict countries such as Afghanistan. This knowledge gap may have subsequent negative effect on the future generations. There is also concern that parents in developing countries may not be open to receiving modern theories of childrearing. Therefore, the objective of this study was to conduct a needs assessment survey of Afghan parents with two specific aims: to estimate the need for knowledge on modern theories of early childhood development, and to determine if Afghans are open to receiving modern theories of early childhood development using technological advances such as learning through mobile phones. A survey questionnaire was designed and distributed amongst 240 families in Afghanistan. Results of the survey demonstrated a clear need for education of parents in Afghanistan, and proved that women and illiterate populations are at a disadvantage to receive this type of information. Moreover, the study demonstrated that Afghan families are open to receiving information on childrearing and that knowledge dissemination through technological advances will be acceptable.

Share and Cite:

Qayumi, S. , Pachev, G. , Hazrati, S. , Sahar, H. , Vuong, S. and Qayumi, K. (2014) Needs Assessment: Knowledge on Parenting and Improving the Learning Space through Technological Advances in Afghanistan. Creative Education, 5, 713-718. doi: 10.4236/ce.2014.59083.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Aber, J. L., Campion, K., Klaus, S., & Lombardi, J. (2013). A New Global Development Goal for the World’s Youngest Children. Washington DC: Institute of Medicine and National Academy of Sciences.
[2] Brierley, J. K. (2004). Give Me a Child Until He Is Seven: Brain Studies and Early Childhood Education (2nd ed.). Reprinted by Routledge Falmer Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon.
[3] Cheung, Y. B., Cueto, S., Glewwe, P., Grantham-McGregor, S., Richter, L., Strupp, B., & the International Child Development Steering Group (2007). Child Development in Developing Countries 1: Developmental Potential in First 5 Years for Children in Developing Countries. Lancet, 369, 60-70.
[4] Cree, A., Kay, A., & Steward, J. (2012). The Economic & Social Cost of Illiteracy: A Snapshot of Illiteracy in a Global Context (Final Report from the World Literacy Foundation).
[5] Jacobson, G. C. (2011). ISAF Spokesman Discusses Progress in Afghanistan. International Security, Assistance Force/NATO. 25 July 2011.
[6] Ki-Moon, B. (2007). Children and the Millennium Development Goals: Progress toward A World Fit for Children. Secretary-General of United Nations, United Nations.
[7] Millennium Development Goals Report 2012 (Afghanistan). Directorate of Policy and Evaluation in General Directorate of Policy, Monitoring and Evaluation of Afghanistan National Development Strategy Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ministry of Economy Kabul Afghanistan, 2012. “Millennium Development Goals”. 03, 2012.
[8] Palau, G. R. (2013). Afghanistan Team Leader & Social and Strategic Infrastructure Desk Officer: Displacement in Afghanistan: Post-2014 Origins, Current Situation and Potential Flows.
[9] The Partnership for Child Development (PCD) (2011-2012). Sharing Ideas Guiding Change, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, Faculty of Medicine, Norfolk Place. Annual Report 2011-2012, London.
[10] Smith, S. C., & Todaro, M. P. (2009). Economic Development. Pearson (10th ed).
[11] UNESCO (2007). Strong Foundation: Early Childhood Care and Education; Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2007.
[12] UNICEF Report on Education in Afghanistan (2007). Accessed via United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.