The Effect of Exogenous Phytohormones on Resistance of Wheat Calluses to Tilletia caries (D.C.) Tul. & C. Tul.


The influence of exogenic hormones (indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), abscisic acid (ABA) and kinetin) on defense reaction of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) calli to the bunt agent Tilletia caries (D.C.) Tul. & C. Tul. was studied. ABA and kinetin induced the oxalate oxidase activity, increased the Н2О2 level, decreased germination of fungi teliospores and induced on calli the occurrence of dense sites non-infected by pathogen. On the contrary, IAA led to the decrease of oxalate oxidase activity, loosening of calli and increase germination of bunt agent teliospores and growth of fungi mycelium, besides stimulated rhizoids formation of wheat calli. Probably, the accumulation of Н2О2 in wheat calli under the influence of kinetin and ABA connected with activity of oxalate oxidase is one of the factors increasing defense reaction of wheat to bunt agent.

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Maksimov, I. , Yarullina, L. and Surina, O. (2014) The Effect of Exogenous Phytohormones on Resistance of Wheat Calluses to Tilletia caries (D.C.) Tul. & C. Tul.. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 1745-1754. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.512189.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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