Depletion of an Artificial Seed Bank of Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) over Four Years of Burial*


An artificial seed bank study was conducted at Pendleton, SC, USA, to investigate the persistence of Palmer amaranth seeds buried uniformly across a 10-cm depth in soil inside polyvinyl chloride (PVC) cylindrical pipes over 4 years. The experiment was conducted using a split-plot design, with year as the main plot factor and with or without soil disturbance (shallow tillage to a depth of 10 cm) as the subplot factor. Annual soil disturbance through tillage in the spring stimulated emergence during the first and second year after burial. A total of 0.5% to 0.8% of the seed bank emerged during the 4-yr burial period, and 99% or more of the 4-yr total emergence occurred during the first two years of burial. Seeds retrieved from 0 to 5 cm and 5 to 10 cm depths did not differ in viability. Soil disturbance influenced the decline of the artificial seed bank at least in the first year, with fewer viable seeds remaining in annually-disturbed plots. Regardless of soil disturbance, a small fraction of seeds (0.01% to 0.03% of original seed bank) remained viable in the soil after four years of burial. In conclusion, Palmer amaranth seeds buried across a 10 cm soil depth in the artificial seed bank had low persistence, which implies that burial may aid management of the weed seed bank.

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Jha, P. , Norsworthy, J. and Garcia, J. (2014) Depletion of an Artificial Seed Bank of Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) over Four Years of Burial*. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 1599-1606. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.511173.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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