Analysis of Vehicle Seat and Research on Structure Optimization in Front and Rear Impact


This paper used the Hyper Mesh and LS-DYNA software to establish a dummy-seat finite element simulation model. The head, chest and neck injury of the dummy were analyzed respectively in the frontal impact and rear impact. It was indicated that modification of seat was needed to meet the requirements. The simulation results showed that the original model cannot provide effective protection for the occupants and need for structural improvements. According to the simulation results of deformation and stress conditions of the seat parts, the original seat structure was improved and optimized for four improvement schemes, including the structure optimization of the seat side panel, the center hinge, framework under the cushion and the backrest lock. The results indicated that the optimized seat improved the occupant protection performance by reducing occupant damage parameters compared with original seat, which illustrated that the optimization basically met the target.

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Chen, H. , Chen, H. and Wang, L. (2014) Analysis of Vehicle Seat and Research on Structure Optimization in Front and Rear Impact. World Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2, 92-99. doi: 10.4236/wjet.2014.22010.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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