The Mitigation of Alkali-Silica Reactions by Aluminum-Bearing Substances


An ability of aluminum-bearing substances-amorphous aluminum hydroxide, aluminum sulphate and basic aluminum sulphate to mitigate alkali-silica reactions in Portland cement mortars has been studied. At equivalent dosages in terms of Al2O3, these substances are ranged in the following order in respect of inhibiting effect: Al(OH)1.78(SO4)0.61 Al2(SO4)3 > Al(OH)3. It is found that the plasticizing agents of the main types used in cement compositions have no influence on the inhibiting effect of aluminum-bearing admixtures. To control the setting time of cement paste, iron(II) sulphate may be used for partial substitution of Al2SO4·18H2O, and this operation is not influence on the results of ASR expansion test.

Share and Cite:

Brykov, A. , Anisimova, A. and Rozenkova, N. (2014) The Mitigation of Alkali-Silica Reactions by Aluminum-Bearing Substances. Materials Sciences and Applications, 5, 363-367. doi: 10.4236/msa.2014.56041.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Thomas, M.D.A. and Folliard, K.J. (2007) Concrete Aggregates and the Durability of Cocncrete. In: Page, C. and Page, M., Eds., Durability of Concrete and Cement Composites, CRC Press, New York.
[2] Siddique, R. and Khan, M.I. (2011) Supplementary Cementing Materials. Springer, Berlin.
[3] Thomas, M. (2011) The Effect of Supplementary Cementing Materials on Alkali-Silica Reaction: A Review. Cement and Concrete Research, 41, 1224-1231.
[4] Feng, X., Thomas, M., Bremner, T., et al. (2005) Studies on Lithium Salts to Mitigate ASR-Induced Expansion in New Concrete: A Critical Review. Cement and Concrete Research, 35, 1789-1796.
[5] Thomas, M., Fournier, B., Folliard, K., et al. (2007) The Use of Lithium to Prevent or Mitigate Alkali Silica Reaction in Concrete Pavements and Structure. FHWA-HRT-06-133, US Dept. of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Washington.
[6] Natesaiyer, K. and Hover, K. (1992) Chemical Agents for Reducing Solubility of Silica in 1N Sodium Hydroxide. Cement and Concrete Research, 22, 653-662.
[7] Brykov, A. and Anisimova, A. (2013) Efficacy of Aluminum Hydroxides as Inhibitors of Alkali-Silica Reactions. Materials Sciences and Applications, 4, 1-6.
[8] Myrdal, R. (2007) Accelerating Admixtures for Concrete. State of the Art: SINTEF report N SBF BK A07025, Trondheim.
[9] Sommer, M., Mader, U., Wombacher, F. and Lindlar, B. (2010) Solidification and Hardening Accelerator for Hydraulic Binding Agents and Method for the Production Thereof. Pat. 7699931, USA, pub. 20.04.
[10] Brykov, А., Vasilev, А. and Mokeev, M. (2013) Hydration of Portland Cement in the Presence of Aluminum-Containing Setting Accelerators. Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 86, 793-801.
[11] Ichikawa, T. and Miura, M. (2007) Modified Model of Alkali-Silica Reaction. Cement and Concrete Research, 37, 1291-1297.
[12] Chatterji, S. and Thaulow, N. (2000) Some Fundamental Aspects of Alkali-Silica Reaction. Proc. of the 11th International Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction, Quebec, Qanada, 21-29.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.