Share This Article:

Preparation of Water Based Polymeric Binders for Paper Surface Coating

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:1995KB) PP. 140-154
DOI: 10.4236/jsemat.2014.43018    6,144 Downloads   8,209 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Binder is an important ingredient in pigment coating as it is used to impart adhesion, gloss and flexibility to the dried film as well as binding the pigment particles together. The aim of this work was to synthesize polymeric binders via radical copolymerization of acrylic acid (AA) with maleic anhydride (MA) and with 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid (AMPS). The chemical structures of the prepared binders were characterized by FTIR and 1HNMR analysis. The rheology of the prepared binders was also investigated. The prepared binders were applied in paper coating suspensions and their effects on optical, mechanical, and physical properties in addition to printability of the coated paper were studied. The results showed that acrylic maleic anhydride copolymers increased the adhesion, gave good film forming properties and good surface activity which increased print quality of paper coating. It was also found that MA/AA (50:50) and the blend between MA/AA (50:50) with AMPS:AA (30:70) have more suitable coating film properties and have highest pick resistance which is resemble to the commercial binder.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

El-Sherbiny, S. , A. Morsy, F. , M. Atta, A. and A. Ahmed, S. (2014) Preparation of Water Based Polymeric Binders for Paper Surface Coating. Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology, 4, 140-154. doi: 10.4236/jsemat.2014.43018.

References

[1] Morsy, F.A. and El-Sherbiny, S. (2004) Mechanical Properties of Coated Paper: Influence of Coating Properties and Pigment Blends. Journal of Materials Science, 39, 7327-7332.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:JMSC.0000048747.93113.6d
[2] Holik, H. (2006) Handbook of Paper and Board, Chapter 7. WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
[3] Hanciogullari, H. (2000) Pigment Coating and Surface Sizing of Paper. In: Gullichsen, J. and Paulapuro, H., Eds., Papermaking Science and Technology, Vol. 11, Fapet Oy, Helsinki.
[4] Casey, J.P. (1983) Pulp and Paper Chemistry and Chemical Technology. 3rd Edition, Hagemeyer, R.W., John Wiley and Sons, New York.
[5] Gron, J. (2000) Pigment Coating and Surface Sizing of Paper. In: Gullichsen, J. and Paulapuro, H., Eds., Papermaking Science and Technology, Vol. 11, Fapet Oy, Helsinki.
[6] Smook, G.A. (1997) Handbook for Pulp & Paper Technologists. 2nd Edition, Angus Wilde Publications Inc., Bellingham.
[7] Willenbacher, N. and Hanciogullari, H. (1997) TAPPI, Advanced Coating Fundamentals Symposium Notes. TAPPI Press, Atlanta.
[8] Larsson, M., Engström, G., Vidal, D. and Zou, X. (2007) Impact of Calendering on Coating Structures. Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal, 22, 267-274. http://dx.doi.org/10.3183/NPPRJ-2007-22-02-p267-274
[9] Bohlin, E. (2011) Optics of Coated Paperboard—Aspects of Surface Treatment on Porous Structures. Karlstad University, Karlstad.
[10] Yoshida, E., Tago, S. and Imamura, K. (1984) Binders Compositions for Paper Coating Materials. US Patent No. 4431769.
[11] Mclaughlin, J., moorestowm, N. and Toy, W. (1957) Methods of Making Coated Paper Products and the Products Obtained. US Patent No. 2790736.
[12] Robert, W. and Hagemeyer, I. (1997) Pigments for Paper. Tappi Press, Technology Park, Atlant.
[13] Wesslau, H., Duerkheim, B. and Spoor, H. (1968) Binders for Paper Coating Compositions. US Patent No. 3365410.
[14] Hanford, E. (1945) Copolymers of Maleic Anhydride. US Patent No. 2378629.
[15] Wang, K., Huang, P., Xia, C., Gao, D. and Yan, D. (2002) Fluorescent Polymer Made from Chemical Modification of Poly (Styrene-Co-Maleic Anhydride). Reactive and Functional Polymers, 52, 143-148.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1381-5148(02)00088-3
[16] Gaylord, N.G. (1975) Polymer Reviews—Poly Maleic Anhydride. Journal of Macromolecular Science, 13, 235-261.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15321797508080011
[17] Heseding, C. and Schneider, C. (1976) Radiation-Induced Copolymerization of Maleic Anhydride and Phenanthrene. European Polymer Journal, 13, 387-390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-3057(77)90101-X
[18] Zhou, Z., Xu, W., Fan, J., Ren, F. and Xu, C. (2008) Synthesis and Characterization of Carboxyl Group-Containing Acrylic Resin for Powder Coatings. Progress in Organic Coatings, 62, 179-182.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.porgcoat.2007.10.007
[19] Atta, A.M., El-Hamouly, S.H., AlSabagh, A.M. and Gabr, M.M. (2007) Crosslinked Poly (Octadecene-Alt-Maleic Anhydride) Copolymers as Crude Oil Sorbers. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 105, 2113-2120.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.26326
[20] Atta, A.M. and Friedrich, K. (2005) Characterization of Strong Polyelectrolyte Hydrogels Based on Poly(Vinyl Alcohol). Polymer International, 54, 448-455. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pi.1718
[21] Caner, E., Farnood, R. and Yan, N. (2008) Relationship between Gloss and Surface Texture of Coated Papers. Tappi Journal, 7, 19-26.
[22] Nada, A.M.A. and Ibrahem, A.A. (1986) Grafting of Acrylamide onto Partially Acetylated and Carboxy Methylated Cellulose. Acta Polymerica, 37, 320-322. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/actp.1986.010370516
[23] Preston, J.S., Elton, N.J., Legrix, A., Nutbeem, C. and Husband, J.C. (2002) The Role of Pore Density in the Setting of Offset Printing Ink on Coated Paper. Tappi Journal, 1, 3-5.
[24] Preston, J., Hiorns, A., Parsons, D.J. and Heard, P. (2008) Design of Coating Structure for Flexographic Printing. Paper Technology, 49, 27-36.
[25] Oittinen, P. and Saarelma (2000) Printing. In: Gullichsen, J. and Paulapuro, H., Eds., Papermaking Science and Technology, Vol. 13, Fapet Oy, Helsinki.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.