Work Experience: Participation or Creation?


Where does the successful performance of businesses and organizations mostly stem from? Is it from engagement in work or an effort undergoing imposed expectations? The latter has been a matter of much controversy. Proposals for participation in the workplace were a target of much criticism by Castoriadis and Tragtemberg. Without intending to answer such a predicament, this paper discusses points that seek to contribute to the debate. It analyzes the experience of air traffic controllers, which may be approached not as much as an effort in itself, but as the result of a collective creative process. It is based on research data collected from the past fifteen years from aviation workers, above all from air traffic control centers in S?o Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

Share and Cite:

Itani, A. (2014). Work Experience: Participation or Creation?. Psychology, 5, 421-430. doi: 10.4236/psych.2014.55052.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Agencia Nacional da Aviacao Civil Anac (2013). Anuario do transporte aereo. Brasilia: ANAC.
[2] Castoriadis, C. (1950 & 1974). L’experience du mouvement ouvrier (Vol. 2). Paris: UGE/10/18.
[3] Castoriadis, C. (1975). L’institution imaginaire de la societe. Paris:Seuil.
[4] Fassin, D. (1996). L’espace politique de la sante. Paris: PUF.
[5] Fayol, M. (1992). Compreendre ce qu’on lit: de l’automatisme au controle. In M. Fayol et al. (Eds.), Psychologie Cognitive de la lecture. Paris: PUF.
[6] Habermas, J. (1984). La technique et la science comme “ideologie”. Paris: Denoel.
[7] Luria, A. R. (1973). The Working Brain. London: Penguin.
[8] Luria, A. R. (1982). Language and Cognition. New York: John Wiley.
[9] Luria, A. R. (1986). Pensamento e linguagem. Porto Alegre: Artmed.
[10] Meyer, P. (1997). L’oeil et le cerveau. Paris: Odile Jacob.
[11] Sacks, O. (1995). An Anthropologist on Mars. New York: Knopf Doubleday.
[12] Tragtemberg, M. (1980). Administracao, poder e ideologia. Sao Paulo: Moraes.
[13] Vygostky, L. S. (1986). Thought and Language. Cambridge: MIT.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.