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Magnetic Field Enhancement in Ammonia-Water Absorption Refrigeration Systems

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DOI: 10.4236/epe.2014.64007    3,820 Downloads   5,091 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Absorption enhancement has been considered as an effective way of improving coefficient of performance (COP) of refrigeration systems and magnetic enhancement is one of these methods. A model of magnetic field enhancement in ammonia-water absorption systems is presented in this paper. A numerical model using finite difference scheme was developed based on the conservation equations and mass transport relationship. Macroscopic magnetic field force was introduced in the momentum equation. The model was validated using data obtained from the literature. Changes in the physical properties of ammonia solution while absorbing both in the direction of falling film and across its thickness were investigated. The magnetic field was found to have some positive effect on the ammonia-water falling film absorption. The results indicate that absorption performance enhancement increased with magnetic intensity. The COP of simple ammonia solution absorption refrigeration system increased by 1.9% and 3.6% for magnetic induction of 1.4 and 3.0 Tesla respectively.

Cite this paper

Odunfa, M. , Fagbenle, R. , Oyewola, O. and Ohunakin, O. (2014) Magnetic Field Enhancement in Ammonia-Water Absorption Refrigeration Systems. Energy and Power Engineering, 6, 54-68. doi: 10.4236/epe.2014.64007.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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