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Human Detection by Robotic Urban Search and Rescue Using Image Processing and Neural Networks

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DOI: 10.4236/ijis.2014.42006    4,925 Downloads   7,691 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This paper proposes a new approach for detecting human survivors in destructed environments using an autonomous robot. The proposed system uses a passive infrared sensor to detect the existence of living humans and a low-cost camera to acquire snapshots of the scene. The images are fed into a feed-forward neural network, trained to detect the existence of a human body or part of it within an obstructed environment. This approach requires a relatively small number of images to be acquired and processed during the rescue operation, which considerably reduces the cost of image processing, data transmission, and power consumption. The results of the conducted experiments demonstrated that this system has the potential to achieve high performance in detecting living humans in obstructed environments relatively quickly and cost-effectively. The detection accuracy ranged between 79% and 91% depending on a number of factors such as the body position, the light intensity, and the relative color matching between the body and the surrounding environment.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Awad, F. and Shamroukh, R. (2014) Human Detection by Robotic Urban Search and Rescue Using Image Processing and Neural Networks. International Journal of Intelligence Science, 4, 39-53. doi: 10.4236/ijis.2014.42006.

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