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Polymethylmethacrylate Coated Alginate Matrix Microcapsules for Controlled Release of Diclofenac Sodium

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DOI: 10.4236/pp.2011.22007    6,039 Downloads   14,023 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) coated microcapsules of diclofenac sodium (DFS) were prepared by a modified wa-ter-in-oil-in-water (W1/O/W2) emulsion solvent evaporation method using sodium alginate (SAL) as a matrix material in the internal aqueous phase (W1).Their performance with respect to controlled release of the drug in simulated gastric fluid (SGF) and simulated intestinal fluid (SIF) were evaluated, and compared with non-matrix microcapsules prepared by the conventional W1/O/W2 emulsion solvent evaporation method. Scanning electron micrographs (SEM) revealed that all the microcapsules were discrete and spherical in shape; however, the surface porosity of the matrix microcap-sules appeared to be less than that of the non-matrix microcapsules. In case of non-matrix microcapsules, an increase in the volume of water in W1 phase resulted in decrease in the drug entrapment efficiency (DEE) along with increase in release of the drug in both SGF and SIF. While in case of matrix microcapsules increase in the amount of SAL in W1 phase and concentration of the coating polymer in organic phase led to increase in DEE of the matrix microcapsules and considerable decrease in the drug release in both SGF and SIF. No interaction between the drug and any of the polymers used to prepare microcapsules was evident from Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) analysis. The matrix microcapsules prepared using higher concentration of SAL and PMMA released the drug following zero order or Case-II transport model. The matrix microcapsules appeared to be suitable for releasing lesser amounts of DFS in SGF and providing extended release in SIF.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

T. Pal, S. Paul and B. Sa, "Polymethylmethacrylate Coated Alginate Matrix Microcapsules for Controlled Release of Diclofenac Sodium," Pharmacology & Pharmacy, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2011, pp. 56-66. doi: 10.4236/pp.2011.22007.

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