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Genetic Diversity of Great Dane Breed Using Ten Microsatellites: Impact of Breeding Control over the Breeding Line

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DOI: 10.4236/ojgen.2014.42011    4,965 Downloads   7,656 Views  

ABSTRACT

The American Kennel Club and the Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognize two phenotypic variants of Great Dane breed denominated American and European varieties. Historically, these varieties have been segregated according to morphological characteristics. In an attempt to obtain a better characterization, breeders have been interested in the genetic parameters that could evaluate the within-breed diversity. In this document, we studied the genetic structure of Great Dane breed with 10 STR markers in 88 dogs using capillary electrophoresis. Cluster analysis, population differentiation and phylogenetic analyses revealed that American and European varieties are genetically independent. Nevertheless, within the American variety a genetic stratification was found. Additionally, a high misclassification (28%) was detected, which could be due to wrong registration or false paternity. Our results support the importance to deem genetic markers as useful tools in breeding control. Similarly, these studies serve as an accurate reference to establish standards by dog breeding associations and for choosing among dogs for inter-breeding. Nevertheless, genetic tools are only a complement of morphological methods, since both are reshuffling the control over the breeding line. Notwithstanding, this database provides an overall and scape concerning the impact of genetic diversity within-breed. Unmistakably, more databases are needed to increase the quality of the breeding line as well as the number of STR in order to study, with more detail, the genetic structure in the Great Dane race.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Noris, G. , Santana, C. , Herrán-Aguirre, M. , Meraz-Ríos, M. , Pérez-Martínez, M. , Esquivel-Lacroix, C. , Acosta-Saavedra, L. , Rodríguez, E. , Paz Juaréz, M. , Calderón-Aranda, E. and Gómez, R. (2014) Genetic Diversity of Great Dane Breed Using Ten Microsatellites: Impact of Breeding Control over the Breeding Line. Open Journal of Genetics, 4, 78-86. doi: 10.4236/ojgen.2014.42011.

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