Application of Geophysical Methods for Geotechnical Parameters Determination at New Borg El-Arab Industrial City, Egypt


Due to a rapid increase in the population during the last few decades, the banks of the Nile River and its delta have reached maximum capacity. As a consequence of this increase, the Egyptian Government has constructed a number of new urban areas and industrial cities outside the Nile Delta. New Borg El-Arab City is one of these new industrial cities. This city is located around 60 km southwest of Alexandria City. This industrial city is proposed to include an airport, a number of factories, worker settlements and heavy truck roads. Therefore, a detailed study of site characterization should be performed before construction being in order to. The main target of this study is to determine the dynamic characteristics and geotechnical parameters at the proposed site using seismic refraction and electrical resistively techniques. Analysis and interpretation of the obtained results reveal that the subsurface consists of three layers with a gentle general slope toward the Mediterranean Sea. The classification of rock material for engineering purposes reveals that the study area is divided into three zones.

Share and Cite:

Basheer, A. , Abdelmotaal, A. , Mesbah, H. and Mansour, K. (2014) Application of Geophysical Methods for Geotechnical Parameters Determination at New Borg El-Arab Industrial City, Egypt. Current Urban Studies, 2, 20-36. doi: 10.4236/cus.2014.21003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Abd Elmawla, S. H. (2010). National Workshop. Alexandria.
[2] Abdelmotaal, A. M. (2010). Engineering Seismology Studies for Land-Use Planning at the Proposed Tushka New City Site, South Egypt. Ph.D. Thesis, Qena: South Valley University.
[3] Abd Elrahman, M. M. (1989). Evaluation of the Kinetic Moduli of the Surface Materials and Application to Engineering Geologic Maps at Ma’Barrisabah area (Dhamar Province), Northern Yemen. Egyptian Journal of Geology, 33, 228-252.
[4] Cordier, J. P. (1985). Velocities in Refraction Seismology (276 p). Holland: Radial Publisher Company.
[5] Dey, A., & Morrison, H. F. (1979a). Resistivity Modelling for Arbitrary Shaped Two-Dimensional Structures. Geophysical Prospecting, 27, 1020-1036.
[6] Dey, A., & Morrison, H. F. (1979b). Resistivity Modelling for Arbitrarily Shaped Three-Dimensional Shaped Structures. Geophysics, 44, 753-780.
[7] Dutta, N. P. (1984). Seismic Refraction Method to Study the Foundation Rock of a Dam. Journal of Geophysical Prospecing, 32, 1103-1110.
[8] El-Behiry, M. G., Hosney, H., Abdelhady, Y., & Mehanee, S. (1994). Seismic Refraction Method to Characterize Engineering Sites. EGS/SEG Proceedings of the 12th Annual Meeting, 85-94.
[9] El Shaazly, M. M. (1964). Geology and Hydrology of Mersa Matrouh Area, Western Mediterranean, Littoral U. A. R. Ph.D. Thesis, Cairo: Cairo University.
[10] Gardner, L. W. (1939). An Areal Plan of Mapping Subsurface Structure by Refraction Shooting. Geophysics, 4, 247-259.
[11] GNBCC (2012). Geology of the Nile Basin Countries Conference. Alexandria.
[12] Hatherly, P. J. (1986). Attenuation Measurements on Shallow Seismic Refraction Data. Geophysics, 51, 250-254.
[13] Imai, L. (1976). The Functions of Seismic Wave in Ground Material and Its Interpretations. Geophysics, 41, 745-797.
[14] Leucci, G. (2004). I metodi elettromagnetico impulsivo, elettrico e sismico tomografico a rifrazione per la risoluzione di problematiche ambientali: sviluppi metodologici e applicazioni. Ph.D. Thesis.
[15] Loke, M. H., & Barker, R.D. (1996). Rapid Least-Squares Inversion of Apparent Resistivity Pseudosections Using a Quasi-Newton Method. Geophysical Prospecting, 44, 131-152.
[16] Loke, M. H. (2001). Electrical Imaging Surveys for Environmental and Engineering Studies. A Practical Guide to 2-D and 3-D Surveys. RES2DINV Manual, IRIS Instruments.
[17] Marzouk, I. A. (1995). Engineering Seismological Studies for Foundation Rock for El-Giza Province, Bull. of National Research Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics (NRIAG). B. Geophysics, 11, 265-295.
[18] Mohamed, A. A. (1993). Seismic Microzoning Study and Its Applications in Egypt. Ph.D. Thesis, Cairo: Ain Shams University.
[19] Morey, D., & Schuster, G. T. (1999). Paleoseismicity of the Oquirrh fault, Utah from Shallow Seismic Tomography. Geophysical Journal International, 138, 25-35.
[20] Nemeth, T., Normark, E., & Qin, F. (1997). Dynamic Smoothing in Cross-Well Traveltime Tomography. Geophysics, 62, 168-176.
[21] Parasnis, D. S. (1997). Principles of Applied Geophysics (5th ed.). London: Chapman and Hall.
[22] Parry, R. H. C. (1977). Estimating Bearing Capacity of Sand from SPT Values. JGED, ASCE, 103, 1013-1045.
[23] Samuil, Q. J. (2008). Slicer Cubic 5.0 Manual, Slicer-Cubic Software. Landsub 5, Germany.
[24] SEIPEEDIT (2002). Seismic Interpretation Program Software. New York: OHOO Company.
[25] Sheriff, R. E. (1991). Encyclopedic Dictionary of Exploration Geophysics (3rd ed.). Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
[26] Silvester, P. P. and Ferrari, R. L. (1990). Finite Elements for Electrical Engineers (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[27] Sjogren, B. O., and Sandberg, J. (1979). Seismic Classification of Rock Mass Qualities. Geophysical Prospecting, 27, 409- 442.
[28] Stumpel, H., Kahler, S., Meissner, R. and Milkerei, B. (1984). The Use of Seismic Shear Waves and Compressional Waves for Lithological Problems of Shallow Sediments. Journal of Geophysical Prospecing, 32, 660-675.

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.