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Is Meniere Disease Caused by a Pathological Immune Response?

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DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2014.32021    2,336 Downloads   4,134 Views  

ABSTRACT

The etiology of Meniere disease (MD) is unknown. Among the several factors which can provoke the disease is a pathological immune response. Objective: To investigate whether MD is due to a pathological immune reaction. Materials and methods: Immunological assay (IA) was evaluated in a consecutive study on 159 patients with MD (mean age 47.8. years) and the results compared with those from 26 patients operated on because of vestibular schwannoma (VS, mean age 54.1 years), who served as a control group. In cases of MD, transtympanic electrocochleography (ECoG) and hearing threshold were measured. Results: The average hearing level (HL) in the affected ears of patients with MD was 30 dB. Evidence of abnormal plasma protein pattern was found in 127 MD patients (80%). Elevations were found in β1-globulin (54.5%), β2-globulin (26.5%), a2-globulin (34.3%), g-globulin (17.3%), complement (CH100, 36.4%) and antinuclear antibodies (ANA, 43.4%). The onset of the disease did not correlate with the level of the plasma protein neither with the level of IgG titers. Conclusion: Elevated certain plasma proteins in patients with Meniere’s disease could be a sign that Meniere’s disease is a consequence of pathological immune reaction.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Selmani, Z. , Pyykkö, I. and Ashammakhi, N. (2014) Is Meniere Disease Caused by a Pathological Immune Response?. International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, 3, 106-112. doi: 10.4236/ijohns.2014.32021.

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