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ZSM5 as a Potential Catalyst for Glycerol Pyrolysis

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DOI: 10.4236/jsbs.2014.41006    4,086 Downloads   5,694 Views   Citations


Glycerol is a substance known to humankind for many years now, and among other products, in which composition it is used, are the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, food, paints and varnishes REF _Ref382993082 \r \h [1]REF _Ref382993086 \r \h [6]. The abundance of its supply leads to search for new uses, whether as a plasticizer for biodegradable polymers REF _Ref382993096 \r \h [7], its transformation into other substances like propylene and derivatives or other hydrocarbons [8] [9], the production of hydrogen for energy purposes REF _Ref382993109 \r \h [10], or even direct burning, making glycerol a fuel for boilers, for example. The aim of this work was to investigate the action of the zeolite ZSM5 on glycerol fast pyrolysis at 600°C. The tests were done with a mixture of glycerol-ZSM5 recently prepared using approximately equal volumes of glycerol and the catalyst, and the effluent gases from the fast pyrolysis have been analyzed in a chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) system. Experiments showed that ZSM5 acts in the pyrolysis of glycerol leading to a large number of substances, from oxygenated products to hydrocarbons, which are part of typical compositions of naphtha, diesel and gasoline petroleum derived products.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

L. Castelló, M. , Dweck, J. , A. G. Aranda, D. , C. L. Pereira, R. and J. R. Guimarães Neto, M. (2014) ZSM5 as a Potential Catalyst for Glycerol Pyrolysis. Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems, 4, 61-67. doi: 10.4236/jsbs.2014.41006.


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